red osier dogwood native american uses

Store Address. Cornus Sericea (Stolonifera) Mostly known as Red Osier Willow, Dogwood or Arte Rouge (red middle) in french . It was also used as food. Plant, count Artemisia ludoviciana (White sage), 242 Achillea millefolium (Yarrow), 257 Acorus calamus (Calamus), 259 Rumex crispus (Curly dock), 150 Artemisia tridentata (Sagebrush), 250 Mentha arvensis (Wild mint), 234 Sambucus nigra (Black elderberry), 303 Cornus sericea (Red osier dogwood), 200 Birds love to eat the white-blueish berries In summer. Native Americans used redosier extensively in their pharmacopia, clothing, and basket-weaving. . Email: youremail@site.com Phone: +1 408 996 1010 Fax: +1 408 996 1010 Fruits: This species can spark vomiting and mild symptoms of poisoning. American dogwood, red willow, redstem dogwood, Cornus sericea ssp. Field Notes: Popular ornamental shrub often planted for red coloring of stems in dormant season Rapidly-growing, adaptable to most soils including wet soils, it features spectacular decorative features : stunning fall color, attractive berries, vibrant red or golden stems and sometimes a lovely variegated summer foliage. Native American Dogwood Mythology Dogwoods are symbols of protection and safety in southeastern Native American tribes. Areas of Usage: One of the most useful native shrubs for landscaping purposes, red osier dogwood is attractive throughout the year. nevadensis Jepson and Cornus stolonifera Michaux (Hickman 1993). Red-osier dogwood is a large erect shrub best suited where the background, such as evergreens, will show off the dark red winter stems. The red-osier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera) is also known as American dogwood, red willow, and redstem dogwood. This is a multi-stemmed shrub with growth to 6ft’, usually less and can be held at any height with pruning. occidentalis (Torr. Hazards. Historically, American dogwood was sometimes used for treating malaria instead of the drug quinine. Red squirrels, chipmunks and raccoons include red osier dogwood in their diets, while snowshoe hare and beaver browse the twigs in winter. Habitat: Native throughout northern & western N. American; damp soil; dense thickets. Aboriginal people also used red osier dogwood: the bark was smoked in pipes or used to make red dye and the branches were used to make baskets. Its powdered bark was made into toothpaste and the root bark provided a scarlet dye. Preparation: Pliable, freshly-cut twigs are used for wreathes. Uses Ethnobotanic: Native … You may know it by one of its many other names: Red osier dogwood, Red willow, Red stem dogwood, Red twig dogwood, Red-rood, American dogwood, Creek dogwood, and Western dogwood. Its range covers much of North America, except the southeastern U.S. and the far north. Other common names: American dogwood, kinnikinnik, squawbush, red-stemmed cornel, ruby dogwood. The spring flowers are small but clustering & fragrant, & are enjoyed by bees & butterflies. The “osier” in red-osier is French, meaning willow-like, and it is frequently called red willow or redstem dogwood due to its conspicuous red stems. Red osier dogwood is a quintissential North American native, inhabiting wetlands and other moist soils in dense thickets from Alaska to Newfoundland, south to California, Illinois, and West Virginia [2]. And like its namesake, the supple red branches of Red-Osier Dogwood are often featured in Native American basket weaving. 304 London NY 10016. A deciduous large shrub, the silky dogwood (Cornus amomum) is loved for its white bracts in late spring and colorful orange, red and purple fall … [PFAF] Purgative: Use only DRIED bark of C. stolonifera; the fresh shrub bark can be quite purgative to the intestinal tract.The white fruits of American dogwood are not recommended for internal use as they can cause toxic reactions. Table 3. They are fast growing, & very ornamental with year round interest. Dogwood is also of particular significance to Native American gatherers, who use the bark as a ceremonial tobacco. Recipes for the mixture vary, as do the uses, from social, to spiritual to medicinal. Red osier dogwood, Cornus sericea, is a small native American dogwood (dogwood family, Cornaceae) found across all of North America except the southeast. American dogwood is a plant. Mature Height/spread: a deciduous shrub, 6′ to 10′ tall with an equal or greater spread, shape is rounded and spreading loose and somewhat open, multi-stemmed. Cornus sericea. OTHER: The Red Twig Dogwood is a shrub native to North American. People use American dogwood for headaches, wounds, fever, ongoing diarrhea, and other conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. Osier is a French term for a type of willow used for basketry. .. Red twig dogwood is a deciduous loose-spreading shrub, growing 6-12 ft. tall, with smooth, dark red, shiny bark. This species was formerly known as Cornus stolonifera. Uses (Ethnobotany): Native Americans are known to have used this plant for basketweaving and in tool making. MEDICINAL USES: Analgesic, Astringent, Febrifuge, Miscellany, Poultice, Purgative, Skin, Stimulant, Tonic, Red osier dogwood was widely employed by several native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and tonic bark, using it both internally and externally to treat diarrhea, fevers, skin problems etc.. (72-120” tall x 72-120” wide) Bailey's Red Twig Dogwood, also known as Red Osier Dogwood, is an extremely hardy and versatile native shrub. (just give you a minute to suck that information in). Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (COSE16) Native Plants Network (COSE16) USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (COSE16) Contact Info. It never forms a shapely tree like some of its relatives (other dogwoods) but rather remains a shrub or thicket. Parts of the plant were used by native tribes to produce black, red, and khacki dyes. & Gray) Fosberg is known as western dogwood. Red-twig dogwood tolerates a range of soil conditions, including wet and dry sites, and is also air pollution tolerant. Red-Twig Dogwood Cornaceae-Dogwood Family Cornus sericea L. (KOR-nus sir-IH-see-uh) Names: Cornus sericea is synonymous with Cornus stolonifera. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. Habitat: Grows on moist low lying areas. Classification: Although it assumes the Willow name, the bark is actually that of the Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus stolonifera). Kinnikinnick is a Native American and First Nations herbal smoking mixture, made from a traditional combination of leaves or barks. It is also the best time to harvest it Aroma: Sweet and woodsy. Red willow gets its name following its colour in winter time, making a beautiful touch in the landscape. Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood Subordinate Taxa. Natively, it is found in northern Iowa. Native American uses of Red Willow Bark. C. stolonifera, Swida sericea, red osier or red-osier dogwood, is a species of flowering plant in the family Cornaceae, native throughout northern and western North America from Alaska east to Newfoundland, south to Durango and Nuevo León in the west, and Illinois and Virginia in the east. Besides attractive, red stems in the winter, red-osier dogwood has yellowish-white flowers that appear in late May to early June and bluish-white fruit borne in late summer. People use American dogwood for headaches, fatigue, fever, and ongoing diarrhea. At certain stages of development, a couple plants in particular appear the closest of all to Elderberry: the Silky Dogwood (cornus amomum) and the Redosier (Red Osier) Dogwood (cornus sericea). Uses of the Red-osier Dogwood: Red-osier Dogwood had a few uses by the Native Americans. [Schofield] "The fruit can cause nausea[172]." In some Mohawk communities, the primeval Tree of Life in the Sky World was said to be a giant dogwood tree. Baskets from the Columbia River region often feature red stripes of dogwood … American dogwood is still used today as medicine, but not very often. I uncovered this as I was compiling a list of Tobacco additives and Substitutes for my "Sundry Naturals" article. Sericea means covered […] Dogwood is a native American, our most showy deciduous tree, growing to 30 feet high; the bark is brown and rough, the leaves opposite, ovate, pointed, and darker green above than beneath. Ten plant species with the largest number of medicinal uses. The beautiful slender red stems are used for basket weaving by Native American tribes. Names: Redosier Dogwood (English); Cornus sericea (Latin) Other common names: American Dogwood, Red Willow, Redstem Dogwood, Habitat and Origin: Can be usually found at the edge of ponds, lakes, and wetlands. On the west coast, native tribes made tea from the bark for medicinal purposes. 48 Park Avenue, East 21st Street, Apt. It is a host plant for the lovely Spring Azure Butterfly. Home / Native / CORNUS SERICEA (Red Twig Osier Dogwood) CORNUS SERICEA (Red Twig Osier Dogwood) $ 12.98 – $ 48.50. The twigs were used for all sorts of functions including salmon spreaders and medicinal uses. The statement that really caught my eye about Red Osier Dogwood is that it was smoked by the Native Americans to produce effects similiar to Opium.. . The red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea/stolonifera) is native to eastern North America, but does not occur naturally as far south as South Carolina. People make medicine from the bark. Cornus sericea, syn. Adding a pop of vibrant color in the snowy, dull months of winter, Cornus sericea (Red Osier Dogwood) is a medium-sized ornamental shrub with incredible appeal. Uses: Red osier dogwood twigs are used to make wreaths and baskets. Smoking Mixture: Red Willow can be smoked by itself or blended with tobacco and other herbs like bearberry, osha, and sumac. A terrific choice for rain gardens, stream embankments, and garden beds, Bailey's Red Twig Dogwood holds up throughout the seasons and gives gardeners color just when they need it most! Characteristics: A deciduous shrub with red to purple colored bark from autumn to early spring and bright green bark and leaves from spring through summer. Bright stems in the snow! It has sometimes been considered a synonym of the Asian species Cornus alba. The spirit of Willow is one to discover! They have the widest range of all native Dogwood species. A subspecies, Cornus sericia spp. Latex threads appear at veins when leaves are split apart. Bark readily peels off of dried stems and must be further dried before use. sericea; Cornus stolonifera var. The flexible branches were used in … Cornus means horn or antler, or “the ornamental knobs at the end of the cylinder on which ancient manuscripts were rolled”—which may refer to the hard wood or the knobby-looking inflorescence of some dogwoods. Description: Medium to tall deciduous; branches/twigs dark red; leaves ovate; bright red to purple in fall; small, dull white clustered flowers; white berries. ( KOR-nus sir-IH-see-uh ) Names: Cornus sericea L. – redosier dogwood Subordinate Taxa growing &... Basketweaving and in tool making: Pliable, freshly-cut twigs are used to make wreaths baskets. Cornaceae-Dogwood family Cornus sericea is synonymous with Cornus stolonifera ) is also air pollution tolerant Willow, and basket-weaving –! Made tea from the bark as a ceremonial tobacco diets, while snowshoe and! Beautiful touch in the landscape dark red, and is also known as western dogwood growing 6-12 ft.,! 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