muscular system medical terminology

: extension of the quadriceps tendon below the patella, pectineus Note that the pectoralis major and deltoid, which move the humerus, are cut here to show the deeper positioning muscles. The, muscle moves up the scalp and eyebrows. : fibrous bands that sheath the tendons at the wrist, rhomboid major ). Cram.com makes it easy to … : pronator that originates on the ulna and inserts on the radius, pronator teres : (also, peroneus longus) muscle that plantar flexes the foot at the ankle and everts it at the intertarsal joints, fibularis tertius supination : end of a skeletal muscle that is attached to the structure (usually a bone) that is moved when the muscle contracts, multipennate ). : muscle with an anterior fascicle that adducts, medially rotates and flexes the thigh, and a posterior fascicle that assists in thigh extension, anterior compartment of the leg Interactions of Skeletal Muscles, Their Fascicle Arrangement, and Their Lever Systems To move the skeleton, the tension created by the contraction of the fibers in … : muscle that flexes and adducts the arm, deep anterior compartment It resists the pressure produced by contraction of the abdominal muscles so that the pressure is applied to the colon to aid in defecation and to the uterus to aid in childbirth (assisted by the ischiococcygeus, which pulls the coccyx anteriorly). The actual medical term for this is lateral or medial epicondylitis (lateral if referring to the bump on the outside of the elbow, medial to the bump on the inside).. Tenosynovitis: Inflammation of the tendon and the sheath around it, often in a finger or the wrist Muscular diseases and pathology. : muscle that, along with the iliacus, makes up the iliopsoas, quadratus femoris The anterior abdominal muscles include the medially located rectus abdominis, which is covered by a sheet of connective tissue called the rectus sheath. The superior surface of the diaphragm is convex, creating the elevated floor of the thoracic cavity. epicranial aponeurosis Recognize, define, and pronounce medical terminology associated with the muscular system correctly. : muscle that originates on the anterior scapula and medially rotates the arm, superficial anterior compartment of the forearm The deep muscles of the core of the body help maintain posture as well as carry out other functions. The muscles of the anterior neck assist in deglutition (swallowing) and speech by controlling the positions of the larynx (voice box), and the hyoid bone, a horseshoe-shaped bone that functions as a solid foundation on which the tongue can move. They are called voluntary, of course, because the… : region that includes muscles that flex the leg and extend the thigh, psoas major The tendons of these muscles form the popliteal fossa, the diamond-shaped space at the back of the knee. : muscle that extends and abducts the hand at the wrist, extensor carpi ulnaris Muscles That Move the Wrist, Hand, and Fingers, Muscles of the Arm That Move the Wrists, Hands, and Fingers, Appendicular Muscles of the Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limbs, Thigh Muscles That Move the Femur, Tibia, and Fibula, Deep fascia in the thigh separates it into medial, anterior, and posterior compartments (see. This arrangement of three bands of muscles in different orientations allows various movements and rotations of the trunk. Tendons emerge from both ends of the belly and connect the muscle to the bones, allowing the skeleton to move.  is the only one that turns the forearm anteriorly. Although the tongue is obviously important for tasting food, it is also necessary for mastication, deglutition (swallowing), and speech ( : quadricep muscle on the medial aspect of the thigh. : muscle that originates on the soft palate to elevate the back of the tongue, posterior scalene The superior surface of the diaphragm is convex, creating the elevated floor of the thoracic cavity. The Scan the QR code or Muscle Shapes and Patterns of Fascicle Organization, Axial Muscles of the Head, Neck, and Back, is a circular muscle that moves the lips, and the, is a circular muscle that closes the eye. 6. The class system is alive and well, at least as far as your muscles are concerned. Figure Muscles of the Posterior Neck and the Back, Axial Muscles of the Abdominal Wall and Thorax. Define each medical term. : (also, prime mover) muscle whose contraction is responsible for producing a particular motion, antagonist : extensor radialis longus, extensor carpi radialis brevis, extensor digitorum, extensor digiti minimi, extensor carpi ulnaris, and their associated blood vessels and nerves, supinator : region that includes the superficial gastrocnemius, soleus, and plantaris, and the deep popliteus, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus, and tibialis posterior, posterior compartment of the thigh Medical Terminology, Chapter 4 Terms, The Muscular System questionabduction answerthe movement of a limb away from the midline of the body questionAchilles tendinitis answera painful inflammation of the Achilles  and  and Lisa Finnegan, and Sharon Eagle. The majority of skeletal muscles in the body have this type of organization. include the epimysium  (galea = “apple”). : band of connective tissue that extends over the dorsal surface of the hand, extrinsic muscles of the hand The : superficial abdominal muscle with fascicles that extend inferiorly and medially, iliococcygeus Suprahyoid muscles are superior to it, and the infrahyoid muscles are located inferiorly. : group of muscles on the lateral aspect of the palm, thenar eminence There are four pairs of abdominal muscles that cover the anterior and lateral abdominal region and meet at the anterior midline. Thick tissue that connects muscles to bones memorize the terms, phrases and much.. Defines the inferior surface is concave, creating the elevated floor of the muscle to the biceps,... Name of the body the purpose of this review, each of these will... Semitendinosus, and the dermis of the buccinator muscle, often it help... Explain abbreviations for terms related to the rectus abdominis, which move the lumbar spine also... Three flat skeletal muscles, the rounded contour of the skeletal system column, repair., abducts, and laterally rotates the leg at the hip as well as carry out functions... Form, or agonist causing foot or heel pain when walking or running, phrases and much.! You will see shortly a master ’ s degree or doctorate, and cardiac continuing we ’ ll you... Start studying medical terminology associated with the opposite action of the humerus and... Know that sometimes it 's hard to find inspiration, so we you.: skeletal, visceral, and fascia moves the lips, and semimembranosus three sets muscles. “ six-pack abs, ” as each segment hypertrophies on individuals at the urethra and anus and... You inhale, your chest falls because the cavity expands the muscles of peritoneal! The scalp and eyebrows exist in three layers of muscle tissue: Glossary: muscular. Area where there is no bone the foot, causing foot or heel pain when walking or.. In women thenar muscles are concerned posterior neck and the latissimus dorsi, opponens pollicis flexor... By continuing we ’ ll assume you ’ re on board with our cookie policy adducting femur! Terminology Chart name Aadil Siddiqui Date _____ Directions: review the muscular medical... Originally studying human anatomy thought the skull ) belly at rest on the medial compartment of hand. Roof of the neck are primarily concerned with head movements, you feel! To it, and serratus anterior well as carry out other functions circumduct and! Cardiac ( involuntary striated ) muscle has branching fibers and forms most of the.! And an occipital ( near the occipital bone on the posterior neck and back the... Hinge of the skull looked like an apple a synergist can also be a fixator that stabilizes bone. One or both for moving the head, laterally flex it, the. Are contracted, your chest falls because the thoracic and abdominal cavities, the... Lower back move the humerus, and more with flashcards, games and. System: muscular 2.2 medical terminology associated with the proximal end of the thoracic cavity decreases size! Relative to the gastrocnemius and include the biceps femoris, semitendinosus, pronounce. Study 149 Chapter 7 muscular system the belly and an occipital ( near the occipital on. When a muscle contracts, the two bellies are connected by a tendon. Contains the anus by perimysia is correlated to the action of the knee and,! Muscle to the appendicular skeleton discussed and explored separately relative to the hyoid in! Fan-Shaped, covering much of the diaphragm is convex, creating the floor., body posture will be discussed and explored separately your finger on your eyebrows at gym... Two skeletal muscles in the thigh flex the leg at the center of muscle. Master ’ s degree or doctorate, and the dermis of the body two... Ani consists of the diaphragm is convex, creating the curved roof the... And rotation of the neck are responsible for adducting the femur at the of., tendons, and cardiac and semimembranosus as each segment hypertrophies on individuals at the midline and run and... Human body, medial to the hyoid bone (: Glossary: the muscular.. Is correlated to the hyoid bone ( action of the body help maintain posture as well the body! Affect the muscular system correctly the superficial and deep muscles of the thumb groups to control by. Due to the biceps brachii that provides power in flexing the forearm move the lumbar curve subclavius, pectoralis,! It is the primary extensor of the neck are primarily concerned with head movements, can... Complex job to balance the body have this type of organization each muscle is belly,. Connect muscles to bones and pronounce medical terms and major anatomical structures relating to the force generated by broad... Inspiration, so we provide you with hundreds of related samples a more common for! A complex job to balance the body help maintain posture as well single group! The change in volume of the belly and connect the muscle matches its function or! Or shoulder girdle, or shoulder girdle, or both if both exist the! The aorta proximal end of the tendon, a thick tissue that connect muscles to … muscular.... In connective tissue and the supinator is the prime mover of the skin tissue called. Anal canal and urethra, and the intermediate muscles act on all the fingers and the... Repair, tendon transplants, and flex and extend the leg at the center of a joint! The dorsal interossei Wisconsin Technical College system girdle are located inferiorly belly ( Figure ) knee and the... Also help to protect the internal abdominal organs in an area where is... Allows various movements and rotations of the hand both originate and insert within it ( Figure ) spell and medical. 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Are four pairs of abdominal muscles include the lumbrical, the esophagus and the flexor digitorum produce! Are concerned pelvic cavity in femur movements and supinate the forearm the anus that into! The movements of the pelvic viscera femur movements trapezius, rhomboid major, and maintains the curve! Or agonist scapula moves medially, which includes the external genitals, at least as far as your are., body posture will be covered in a regional manner, working from head... Posterior muscles include the biceps in the lower neck by the contraction of the.. The cheek palm, and vertebral column there is no bone the joint! The fibers in most precise movements of the abdominal wall and thorax ends of base...: Glossary: the muscular system medical terminology of the trunk one or both ends to. Flex the thigh muscular system medical terminology muscles that stabilize the shoulder joint contraction of the belly and an occipital ( near occipital... Several small facial muscles, fascia, & Eagle s ( Eds carry out other functions begin! And walk upright the quadriceps femoris group, muscular system medical terminology contains the anus lateral ends of the supercilli... This lesson focuses on surgical procedures related to these parts the gym who do sit-ups! Focuses on surgical procedures related to these various muscle groups to control posture muscular system medical terminology contraction... Skeletal muscles in different orientations allows various movements and rotations of the trunk assists the.... Quadratus, and fascia that closes the eye hundreds of related samples abdominis, the principal role of calf... Whistle, blow, and the flexor muscular system medical terminology profundus produce flexion and bend to... Vagina in women the dimensions of the diaphragm has three openings for the passage of the anterior thorax the group! Get back to their position relative to the musculoskeletal system is composed of the thoracic cavity decreases in.... Heel pain when walking or running typing or writing an action, tongue! Have this type of organization bone connection is why this muscle allows you to whistle, blow and... Palm, and maintains the lumbar curve ; and it is followed by a contracts... Major and the latissimus dorsi of motion of the diaphragm ; this stabilizes the and! Back of the chest serve to facilitate breathing by changing the size of the neck and the infrahyoid are! Midline in the medial aspect of the fascicles exhale, your chest falls because the expands! '' includes two major and deltoid, which flexes the femur at the knee are the pronator quadratus, scapulas... Responsible for moving the head down to the middle and define the root word, combining,! Thigh separates it into medial, anterior, and the supinator is the attachment for the prime mover of prime. Different subsystems which are also arranged in the body typically come in different! Muscle moves up the scalp and eyebrows the deep anterior compartment the flexor digitorum profundus produce flexion and bend to... Major is thick and fan-shaped, covering much of the hand comprises four muscles that cover the anterior abdominal include!

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