california retaining wall law

The lagging effectively resists the load of the retained soil and transfers it to the piles. For segmental gravity retaining walls, the detail(s) must clearly identify the block manufacturer; block type, drainage requirements, and maximum wall height. (g) Sections of walls shall not be allowed to fall upon floors supported by wood joists or other floors unable to withstand such impact. All design criteria specified by a soils or geologic report must be met by use of the standard detail for the wall. Examples of surcharges are: (f)(1) Except for the cutting of holes in floors for chutes, holes through which to drop materials, preparation of storage space, and similar necessary preparatory work, the demolition of exterior walls and floor construction shall begin at the top of the structure and proceed downward and each story of exterior wall and floor construction shall be removed and dropped into the storage space before commencing the removal of exterior walls and floors in the story next below. I), eff. Neither of these block types is recommended when the retaining wall is supporting a sloping backfill, any other surcharge or a solid fence. Editorial correction of printing error in subsection (o) (Register 92, No. If the wall is more then 4’ tall a city or county building permit along with approved plans are needed. (A) Height regulations. modular concrete units stacked in a running bond pattern without mortar or reinforcement. Amendment filed 5-21-75, effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 75, No. Usually driven into the material with boring, or rotation and drilling anchors are then expanded at the end of the cable, either by mechanical means or often by injecting cement, which expands to form a bulb in the soil. A retaining wall is a wall designed to resist lateral earth and/or fluid pressures, including any surcharge, in accordance with accepted engineering practice. 8. Do you need a French drain on your property? installation of a retaining wall. In fact, the retaining wall/fence is on both our property lines & this was established by a third party Engineering consultant who came with our Insurance company to inspect the fence and retaining wall. (3) Walls, which are to serve as retaining walls against which debris will be piled, shall not be so used unless determined to be capable of safely supporting the imposed load. California Retaining Wall Law. text-align: center; If the fence or wall is on your property, then you own it and if on your neighbor's property, your neighbor owns it. 2-12-2016; Ord. 8-2011 §23(D), eff. The technique has been used to provide support for many excavations or simply a garden wall. (t) Provisions for dust control shall include the use of water to keep material or debris sufficiently wet or other equivalent steps taken to prevent dust from rising. https://www.dir.ca.gov/od_pub/disclaimer.html. NOTE: For selective demolition by explosives of buildings and structures, refer to appropriate Articles of Group 18, Explosives and Pyrotechnics of the General Industry Safety Orders and this Article. upper soil grade). Retaining Walls & Definitions A retaining wall is a wall designed to resist lateral earth and/or fluid pressures, including any surcharge, in accordance with accepted engineering practice. PO Box 30143. Secondly, California law presumes that both owners benefit equally from the boundary fence, and therefore are equally responsible for the reasonable costs of construction and maintenance. When a fence or wall is placed atop a retaining wall, the height of the fence shall be determined exclusive of the height of the retaining wall such that the top of the retaining wall is considered the finished grade. (o) Planks spanning the distance between adequate beams shall be used where necessary as a substitute for weakened floors, and as access walkways over open or weakened areas. This definition also applies to freestanding pool walls. Plot Plan showing the location, extent, and height of the retaining wall in relation to any building structure, pool, property lines and public utility easements. • Wood retaining walls (with or without a fence) with an exposed wall height of two feet or less, where the retained soil does not support a surcharge (i.e. 43). (2) Landings shall be provided for the passenger elevators on or in buildings at intervals not to exceed four floors or forty-eight feet. A retaining wall must be substantial and sturdy in the structure in order to accommodate and redistribute lateral pressure caused by sloping. Secondly, California law presumes that both owners benefit equally from the boundary fence, and therefore are equally responsible for the reasonable costs of construction and maintenance. 352 (1942), the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court considered the right to lateral support as it applies to retaining walls. (s) If the method of demolition leaves the structural steel frame in place, then the tier of beams next below the tier from which beams and columns are being removed shall be planked over, unless safety nets are used or the floor of such tier has not been removed. 15.06.130 Section R404.1.1.1—Foundation and retaining walls. (3) Flooring boards may be removed from not more than one floor above grade to provide storage space for debris, provided falling material is not permitted to endanger structural stability. (2) Ladders shall be provided for these remaining two floors and shall be constructed and maintained in accordance with Article 25, Ladders. 6-24-2011] 23.52.050 Height limits. https://www.montclairconstruction.com/.../retaining-wall-code-for-california Fence and Retaining Wall Ordinance; Fence Height Certification Application Packet (Note: A Fence Height Certification costs less than $400 and usually takes only a few days to process.) In order to interpret this building code section correctly, a clear understanding of the following terms is essential: • Retained Wall Height is the vertical distance measured from the bottom of the footing to the finish grade at the top of the wall (i.e. 4. (c) Pipe-covering insulation, steel beam and column fire protection, and heating, ventilating and air-conditioning duct work shall be surveyed for asbestos. A fence and/or a retaining wall that is built on the center line of the boundary is owned by both neighbors (50-50%). Lawyer's Assistant: Has any paperwork been filed? FIGURE 18.150.040(B) – RETAINING WALL DESIGN *See CDC 18.150.040(C)(5), fences and walls, and 18.300.070(E)(1), Retaining Walls. Typically constructed of reinforced concrete masonry units or reinforced concrete stem wall supported on a reinforced concrete footing. An anchored retaining wall can be constructed in any of the styles but also includes additional strength using cables or Helical tie backs with other types of rods anchored in the rock or soil behind it. level backfill only). When demolishing floors and roofs, employees shall be prohibited from working below this activity. California Retaining Wall. In that case, a wall on the defendant’s land provided support for … Now, if that wall was built during or after the construction of your neighbor’s house, but before your house was built, there’s an argument to be made that the retaining wall was built by and for the neighbor’s benefit. Detail(s) are to be wet stamped and signed by a California registered civil or structural engineer. If asbestos is present, the employer shall comply with Section 1529. This is a multi-location business. Use of tiered walls is a special condition where two or more short walls, horizontally offset from one another, are used in lieu of a single tall retaining wall. Other means of employee access may also be allowed by the Division where the above is clearly impractical. 21). (w) No salvage of materials shall be permitted during demolition operations on any building, structure, falsework or scaffold more than three stories high or the equivalent height for which a permit is required. : 01/01/2014 PAGE 1 of 5 Construction of retaining walls, except those less than 3 feet in height and not supporting surcharge, (m)(1) No wall section, which is more than one story or 12 feet in height, shall be permitted to stand alone without lateral bracing, unless a civil engineer, currently registered in California, has submitted engineering data to the Division substantiating the capability of the wall to stand without lateral support. Don't let it be a divider with your neighbor. 49). My house built in 1947 neighbors built in 1957. wall has been there as anyone even previous (second) owner can remember I am 3rd owner as well as neighbor of there property. (13) Retaining walls and site walls, and their associated drainage systems, shall only allow water to flow beyond, around, or through the areas designated by design. § 14-16-3-19 GENERAL HEIGHT AND DESIGN REGULATIONS FOR WALLS, FENCES AND RETAINING WALLS. As the wall is next to a footpath lying within the adjoining owners land, ownership of the wall to establish who is liable for the cost of repairs has become an issue. However, this is not an absolute rule and can be rebutted with additional evidence. Typically, H-piles are drilled or driven at regular intervals along the planned excavation perimeter, cast in to concrete pier hole. I have been a general contractor for nearly 20 years, a carpenter longer than this and a construction law attorney for over 10 years and I can recall the uphill neighbor being responsible for a retaining wall on only rare occasions. We have a client who is developing a site which abuts land in the ownership of a third party. (u) Mechanical equipment shall not be used on floors or working surfaces unless a qualified person has determined that such floors or surfaces are of sufficient strength to support the imposed load. An exception may be granted for a taller wall if necessary due to slope and/or soils, based on a geotechnical report from a licensed civil or geotechnical engineer, and approved by the city engineer. Essentially, neighbors are required to refrain from doing anything to their land that undermines a neighbor's land; or if they do, they're required to shore it up properly at their own expense. When tiered walls are not properly offset from each other, the upper wall may impose a surcharge condition on the lower wall. I own a house in California that has a large retaining wall that straddles the property line. 5. (i) Walking across exposed floor joists, steel beams, or girders is prohibited. level backfill only) and the wall does not support a solid fence. 6. An uncomfortable talk with the guy next door won’t be as messy as a collapsed retaining wall. Other access ways shall be entirely closed off at all times. 8-2011 §23(D), eff. It is a common misconception by builders, designers, landscape contractors, pool contractors and homeowners that this section of the UBC allows retaining walls of up to 4 feet in exposed wall height to be constructed without a permit, regardless of the back slope conditions. (1) A wall, fence, retaining wall, or vertical combination of these (the "wall") that does not face a public street right-of-way, a public … For example, Keystone limits their Garden Wall (4” high x 12” wide x 9” deep) product to 2 feet in height … or six blocks in height total. (a) Utility companies shall be notified and all utility service shut off, capped, or otherwise controlled, at the building or curb line before starting demolition, unless it is necessary to use electricity or water lines during demolition. (h) Walkways that meet the requirements of Section 1624 shall be provided where necessary for access. margin-top: 10px; Retaining walls are a common source of disputes between neighbours and the law in Queensland for retaining walls is quite complex. Sometimes even a hedge can act as a boundary. 3. Five sets of paper plans are required or submit as eplan. 24-2015 §11 (Exh. This is simply the exposed wall height and it is for this reason that the Planning, Inspections and Permitting Department interprets UBC §106.2, item 5 as follows: “A building permit shall not be required for … retaining walls that are not over 3 feet in exposed wall height unless supporting a surcharge …”. This definition also applies to freestanding pool walls. Lagging consisting of wood, steel or precast concrete panels is inserted behind the front pile flanges as the excavation proceeds. UBC §106.2, item 5 states that: “A building permit shall not be required for … retaining walls that are not over 4 feet in height measured from the bottom of the footing to the top of the wall, unless supporting a surcharge …”. 33). 13). Section R404.1.1.1 is added to read as follows: Concrete and masonry foundation walls and retaining walls with a height of four (4) feet measured from the bottom of the footing shall have the construction documents approved and stamped by a California licensed architect or engineer. Should you have any questions, please stop by the public counter of the Building permit section of the City Hall. (2) Walls, which serve as retaining walls to support earth or adjoining structures, shall not be demolished until the hazard from moving ground has been eliminated by sloping, shoring or, where necessary, adjoining structures have been properly underpinned. Any structural unit being dismantled shall not be overstressed. The cost of rebuilding a retaining wall on appellants' property cannot be held to be equivalent to the cost of restoring respondent's property to its original condition by mere speculation and without some evidence, and the finding of damages is therefore not supported by the evidence. Mincer, 46 Cal.App.4th 1296 (1996) the courts held that an "exclusive" prescriptive easement really equates to full title and to acquire full title California law requires the plaintiff to prove adverse possession (all of the elements necessary to a prescriptive easement and that they paid all of the real property taxes on the property). upper soil grade). margin: auto; All such canopies shall be at least two feet wider than the building entrances or openings (one foot wider on each side thereof) and shall be capable of sustaining a load of 150 pounds per square foot. The legal jargon for this issue is the law of "lateral and subadjacent support." Please see the brochure for paper plans: Typically constructed of manufactured (i.e. As an example, two tiered retaining walls each with an exposed wall height of 3 feet, and level back fill that are horizontally offset by a distance of 2 feet would be treated as a single 6 foot tall wall and as a result, a building permit would be required. border: 2px solid #cfcfcf; [Ord. } The duty to maintain or repair a retaining wall. (3) Walkways or ladders shall be provided to enable employees to safely reach or leave any scaffold or wall. (p)(1) Stairways designated as means of access shall be maintained clear for use within two floors or twenty-four feet of the demolition work above. Fence and Retaining Wall Ordinance; Fence Height Certification Application Packet (Note: A Fence Height Certification costs less than $400 and usually takes only a few days to process.) If you are looking for a contractor in the San Francisco bay area to construct your retaining wall, be sure to contact Montclair Construction. (2) Walls, which serve as retaining walls to support earth or adjoining structures, shall not be demolished until the hazard from moving ground has been eliminated by sloping, shoring or, where necessary, adjoining structures have been properly underpinned. A building permit can usually be issued over the counter when two copies of the following are provided along with a completed permit application: Segmental gravity retaining walls such as Keystone, Allan Block, etc. Don't let it be a divider with your neighbor. Essentially, neighbors are required to refrain from doing anything to their land that undermines a neighbor's land; or if they do, they're required to shore it up properly at their own expense. § 14-16-3-19 GENERAL HEIGHT AND DESIGN REGULATIONS FOR WALLS, FENCES AND RETAINING WALLS. • Surcharge is a vertical load imposed on the retained soil that may impose a lateral force in addition to the lateral earth pressure of the retained soil. B. (3) Where there is doubt concerning structural integrity or engineering data indicates attachment of an elevator may jeopardize the strength of the building or structure, the Division may permit alternate methods of installation. • Cantilever or segmental gravity retaining walls with an exposed wall height of three feet or less, where the retained soil does not support a surcharge (i.e. or Contact us Here. This height does not include the wall and depth of footing below grade. #gallery-1 img { Floors weakened or otherwise made unsafe by demolition operations shall be shored to safely support the intended imposed load from demolition operations. Amendment filed 2-11-72, effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 72, No. (q) In a multi-story building, when a stairwell is being used for access or egress, it shall be properly illuminated by either natural or artificial means, and completely and substantially covered over at a point not less than two floors below the floor on which work is being performed, and access to the floor where the work is in progress shall be through a properly lighted, protected, and separate passageway. (4) During demolition, continuing inspections shall be made as the work progresses to detect hazards resulting from weakened or deteriorated floors or walls, or loosened material. 6. 7. All design criteria specified by a soils or geologic report must be met by use of the standard detail for the wall. (2) Any openings cut in a floor for the disposal of materials shall be no larger in size than 25 percent of the aggregate of the total floor area, unless the lateral supports of the removed flooring remain in place. A typical cantilever reinforced masonry (or concrete) retaining wall will utilize a footing with a thickness of at least 12 inches. Regardless of the permit requirements, it is important to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for each block type since the allowable wall heights vary significantly for each block type. Allan Block, Earth stone, Keystone, etc.) Soldier piles retains soil, using vertical steel piles or wooden posts with horizontal lagging. Common retaining walls are constructed of concrete, while other materials include railroad ties or treated timbers, as well as wall stones, natural stones, bricks and concrete block. An uncomfortable talk with the guy next door won’t be as messy as a collapsed retaining wall. installation of a retaining wall. At the same time, you can't maintain a hazard on your property and if the wall/fence falls and hurts someone, you could be held liable. You will find thousands of answers to legal questions. • Exposed Wall Height is the vertical distance measured from the finish grade at the bottom of the wall (i.e. (d)(1) Prior to starting demolition operations, all structural or other hazardous deficiencies noted during the survey required by Section 1734(b)(1) shall be shored, braced or otherwise corrected as recommended in the survey. width: 50%; #gallery-1 { 7). Structural Calculations wet stamped and signed by a California registered civil or structural engineer (or standardized engineering calculations and ICBO Evaluation Report for applicable segmental gravity retaining walls). B. are frequently available from local building supply warehouse stores. RETAINING WALLS WITH SLOPING BACKFILL BUILDING DIVISION 5510 OVERLAND AVE., SUITE 110, SAN DIEGO, CA 92123 (858) 565-5920 (888) 336-7553 HTTP://WWW.SDCPDS.ORG PDS 083 REV. from its web site at. (e) In demolishing any building or structure or alteration involving partial demolition thereof, all material displaced, unless required for reconstruction, shall be transported immediately to the ground. Contractors and homeowners are usually more aware of the vertical offset between the upper and lower grade elevations that will be required for the retaining wall. We will help you in obtaining an engineer and also assist you in obtaining the proper city or … 21). The Folsom Municipal Code adopts, by reference, the 1997 Uniform Building Code (UBC). (v) Where mechanical equipment is used for demolition work, floor openings shall have curbs or stop-logs to prevent equipment from running over the edge. Necessary openings for material handling are allowed. • Adjacent vehicle loads supported by the retained soil Solid fences that are attached (or directly adjacent) to a retaining wall also impose additional lateral forces on a retaining wall when wind pressures act on the fence. } Regulations for Fences and Retaining Walls Within Required Yards. 6-24-2011] 23.52.050 Height limits. margin-left: 0; • Structure footings supported by the retained soil (13) Retaining walls and site walls, and their associated drainage systems, shall only allow water to flow beyond, around, or through the areas designated by design. Amendment filed 12-4-86; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 86, No. Lawyer's Assistant: Anything else you want the lawyer to know before I connect you? New subsection (z) filed 4-3-78; effective thirtieth day thereafter (Register 78, No. (j) All persons on demolition projects shall be protected from falling material at employee entrances to multi-story structures being demolished, by sidewalk sheds or canopies or both, providing protection extending from the face of the building for a minimum of 8 feet. A retaining wall is becoming increasingly unstable. The legal jargon for this issue is the law of "lateral and subadjacent support." #gallery-1 .gallery-caption { A retaining wall is becoming increasingly unstable. Sheets of steel are driven pneumatically in to soft soil in the tight access or flood zones to create an area of excavation, Its Usually deigned by a Structural Engineers, some times including tie backs. © 2017 Montclair Constructions | Designed by by Web and SEO Guru. Re: Retaining wall law. } Editorial correction redesignating erroneous second subsection (g) as subsection (q) (Register 2010, No. The retaining wall retains less than 4 feet of material with or without a surcharge, unless the surcharge is caused by a building. 24-2015 §11 (Exh. A: Retaining Wall Owner: My analysis on your behalf would start with: (1) the written contract (scope of work, is there a dispute mechanism clause, attorneys fees for having to pursue a dispute), and then (2) the wherewithal of the contractor whom performed the work (do they have insurance, are they still viable, would they accept a legal demand letter and remove and replace the wall … I), eff. (n) Steel construction shall be dismantled column length by column length, and tier by tier (columns may be two-story lengths.) This information is provided free of charge by the Department of Industrial Relations (14) The lines and components of the plumbing system, sewer system, and utility systems shall not leak. 1. 2. (A) Height regulations. (14) The lines and components of the plumbing system, sewer system, and utility systems shall not leak. (r)(1) Construction passenger elevators for hoisting employees shall be provided on demolition projects on multi-story buildings seven or more floors or seventy-two feet or more in height. Amendment filed 5-22-95; operative 6-21-95 (Register 95, No. All wood retaining walls shall be constructed entirely of treated wood and conform to standard drawing LS-43. (b) (1) Adjoining landowners are presumed to share an equal benefit from any fence dividing their properties and, unless otherwise agreed to by the parties in a written agreement, shall be presumed to be equally responsible for the reasonable costs of construction, maintenance, or necessary replacement … If your new retaining wall is less than 4’ tall then a permit is not required. Retaining Walls. Re: leaning retaining wall There is a California code that requires neighbors to share in fence maintenance. (l) Where a hazard exists from fragmentation of glass, all glazed openings shall be removed at least one floor below the working level. Each owner of adjoining lands on which a party wall stands owns the part of the wall that stands on the owner's land and has an easement, or right of use, in the other part, unless there is a contrary law or agreement. The Keystone Legacy Block (6” high x 16” wide x 10½” deep) product is limited to 3 feet in height … or six blocks in height total. In Gorton v. Schofield, 311 Mass. This company offers a retaining wall contractor. Unlike fences that are governed by their own legislation, retaining walls are classed as building structures without legislation clearly outlining maintenance and repair obligations. Retaining Walls & Definitions A retaining wall is a wall designed to resist lateral earth and/or fluid pressures, including any surcharge, in accordance with accepted engineering practice. 2-12-2016; Ord. (1) A wall, fence, retaining wall, or vertical combination of these (the "wall") that does not face a public street right-of-way, a public … I don't agree with Mr. Olden. However, this is not an absolute rule and can be rebutted with additional evidence. If you have any questions or want an estimate don’t hesitate to contact us. All loose material shall be removed from the steel frame as demolition progresses downward. lower soil grade) to the finish grade at the top of the wall (i.e. This definition also applies to freestanding pool walls. Find a location. Based on this minimum footing thickness, a retaining wall with a maximum retained wall height of 4 feet would correspond to maximum exposed wall height of 3 feet. You will find thousands of answers to legal questions. There is a large high substantial retaining wall holding back higher ground in the ownership of our client which is in poor condition. While wood is an inexpensive option, it has the shortest lifespan because of its susceptibility to decompose. Five sets of paper plans are required or submit as eplan. (4) When wood floor beams serve to brace interior walls or free-standing exterior walls, such beams shall be left in place until other equivalent support can be installed to replace them. Call us for a free consultation Retaining walls construction normally designed with seepage holes, which allow collected ground water to escape. 34). The claimants noticed that the insureds’ retaining wall was collapsing in various places, which prompted them to hire experts to examine the condition of the wall and trees. If you are asking about a boundary fence, then you each are responsible for 50% or the replacement cost. (510) 547-2457 /* see gallery_shortcode() in wp-includes/media.php */, All These walls above require Building permits. Walnut Creek, CA 94598-9143 California Boundary Fence Laws A boundary fence is a fence that is located on or near a property line, though the exact definition can vary by state. Walls construction normally designed with seepage holes, which allow collected ground water to escape permit not... §106.2, item 5 and it includes the wall and depth of footing below grade stone! Free of charge by the Division where the above is clearly impractical units stacked in a running bond without! To maintain or repair a retaining wall that straddles the property line of at least 12 inches supported a... That straddles the property line the lines and components of the retained soil and transfers it the! Talk with the guy next door won ’ t be as messy as a boundary to questions! Within required Yards finish grade at the end of each work day while is! Construction normally designed with seepage holes, which allow collected ground water to escape shortest because! Wall may impose a surcharge, unless the surcharge is caused by sloping be constructed entirely treated! As cantilever walls, FENCES and retaining walls Within required Yards or wall not absolute... By use of the wall and depth of footing below grade with a thickness of at 12... From the steel frame as demolition progresses downward feet of material with or without a,! Upon any structure or any portion of such structure shall not leak which collected! A boundary fence, then you each are responsible for 50 % the! A free consultation ( 510 ) 547-2457 or Contact us Here issue is the HEIGHT california retaining wall law! In fence maintenance plumbing california retaining wall law, and utility systems shall not be overstressed erroneous second subsection q! Responsible for 50 % or the replacement cost supply warehouse stores or wooden with! § 14-16-3-19 GENERAL HEIGHT and DESIGN REGULATIONS for FENCES and retaining walls Within Yards. Exist until they are corrected by shoring, bracing, or receive additional lateral support from anchors bracing. Who is developing a site which abuts land in the structure in order to accommodate redistribute. ( s ) are to be wet stamped and signed by a building properly offset each... Or any portion of such structure shall not leak to maintain or repair a retaining wall is supporting a backfill... Z ) filed 4-3-78 ; effective thirtieth day thereafter ( Register 72, No the legal jargon for issue... Filed 5-21-75, effective thirtieth day thereafter ( Register 72, No or bracing entirely treated... H ) Walkways that meet the requirements of Section 1624 shall be prohibited working! Collapsed retaining wall retains less than 4 feet of material stored upon any structure or any portion of such shall... Necessary for access of material stored upon any structure or any portion of such structure shall not be to! Or submit as eplan There is a large high substantial retaining wall retains less 4! Be wet stamped and signed by a soils or geologic report must be substantial and sturdy in the structure order. Clearly impractical be as messy as a collapsed retaining wall is a California registered civil structural. For a free consultation ( 510 california retaining wall law 547-2457 or Contact us Here all unsupported flooring is removed complete details... By sloping shall comply with Section 1529 a client who is developing a site abuts. Block types is recommended when california retaining wall law retaining wall simply a garden wall duty maintain. The front pile flanges as the excavation proceeds Register 77, No redesignating second... Connect you, please stop by the public counter of the plumbing system, and systems! Or concrete ) retaining wall know before i connect you effective thirtieth day thereafter Register. The replacement cost are drilled or driven at regular intervals along the planned perimeter... Masonry ( or concrete ) retaining wall please stop by the Department Industrial... ) Walkways that meet the requirements of Section 1624 shall be left in a running bond pattern mortar... I ) Walking across Exposed floor joists, steel beams, or other means... Built to retain a difference in ground level specified by a California registered civil or structural engineer been used provide! Typically constructed of reinforced concrete masonry units or reinforced concrete stem wall on. Tiered walls are not properly offset from each other, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial considered... Height referred to in UBC §106.2, item 5 and it includes the wall does not a! Level backfill only ) and the wall does not support a solid fence with the guy door... Walking across Exposed floor joists, steel beams, or other effective means, CA 94598-9143 retaining... As the excavation proceeds know before i connect you and retaining walls are a common of... Height and DESIGN REGULATIONS for walls, or other effective means excavation perimeter, cast to! Masonry ( or concrete ) retaining wall the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court considered right... The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court considered the right to lateral support as it applies to retaining walls Within Yards...

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