theories of juvenile delinquency

Hawkins, D. J., Herrenkohl, T., Farrington, D. P., Brewer, D., Catalano, R. F., & Harachi, T. W. (1998). Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. The group of the theories regards that the behavior of the underage delinquent is caused by the breakdown of the social process that consequently … Are attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disorder developmental precursors to conduct disorder? B., Hoffschmidt, S. J., & Ash, E. (2001). Multiple theories exist that help our understanding of the emergence, development and trajectories of juvenile crime. Vitaro, F., Brendgen, M., & Tremblay, R. E. (2002). Boys’ externalizing problems at elementary school age: Pathways from early behavior problems, maternal control, and family stress. The peer relations of mildly delayed and nonhandicapped preschool children in mainstreamed playgroups. Boys’ experimentation and persistence in developmental pathways toward serious delinquency. Broidy, L. M., Nagin, D. S., Tremblay, R. E., Bates, J. E., Brame, B., Dodge, K. A., … Lynam, D. R. (2003). Leading theoretical explanations of juvenile delinquency are briefly reviewed. information missing from each one, specifically in regards to children that display a lack of . Langan, P. A., & Levin, D. J. Gendered effects of meditation on juvenile delinquents. In. Differential social organization, collective action, and crime. In R. Loeber & D. P. Farrington (Eds.). © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. (1989). Not affiliated This paper seeks to look into the social based theories that explain juvenile delinquency both in traditional and modern or advanced perspective. Biased decision-making processes in aggressive boys. Leading theoretical explanations of juvenile delinquency are briefly reviewed. This chapter examines the creation and refinement of some of the most influential theories of delinquency. Cite as. Characteristics of adolescents charged with homicide: Review of 72 cases. An analysis of the functional nature of adolescents’ supportive relationships. Explaining the relation between IQ and delinquency: Class, race, test motivation, school failure, or self-control? Huang, B., Kosterman, R., Catalano, R. F., Hawkins, J. D., & Abbott, R. D. (2001). Loeber, R., Wung, P., Keenan, K., Giroux, B., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., Van Kammen, W. B., & Maugham, B. Antisocial behavior: More enduring than changeable? Epidemiology of official offending. Morgan, A. Glaser, B. III. Primary functions of the police in relation to juvenile delinquency are : (1) the detection of pre-delinquency and crimonologenic situations and bringing these to the notice of parents, teachers and others with a view to taking timely corrective measures; (2) location of destitute and neglected children and their referral to institutional/ non-institutional care so that they are not exploited by adult criminals; (3) … Kennedy, T. D., Edmonds, W. A., Dann, K. T. J., & Burnett, K. F. (2010). Juvenile Delinquency Theories of Causation Many theories have been advanced to explain the cause of juvenile delinquency. (2005). Lewis, D. O. Part of Springer Nature. (2002). Environmental influence and family background play a core role in explaining the causes of juvenile delinquency. Macro-level (e.g., Strain) and individual-level (e.g., Moffitt’s dual taxonomy) theories of delinquency provide a framework to better understand current trends, risk factors and treatment and prevention … Chesney-Lind, M., & Shelden, R. G. (2013). The social worlds of hyperactive (ADDH) children. (2011). (1985). Crime Policy in America Today. Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Silva, P. A., Stouthamer-Loeber, M., Krueger, R. F., & Schmutte, P. S. (1994). Many opposing and concurring arguments have been experienced with many researchers concentrating on real cause, which can be explained using different theories ranging from the classical to contemporary ones. Graham v. Florida, 560 U.S. 48, 82 (2010). A prospective replication of the protective effects of IQ in subjects at high risk for juvenile delinquency. White, J. L., Moffitt, T. E., Earls, F., Robins, L., & Silva, P. A. For more than two centuries, academic criminologists have developed a host of theories to explain juvenile delinquency. Choose which Theories applies- Deterrence, Biological, and Psychological Theories” Kahneman, D., & Tversky, A. Oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder: A meta-analytic review of factor analyses and cross-validation in a clinic sample. Obeidallah, D. A., & Earls, F. J. Learn more. Loeb, J., & Mednick, S. (1977). Personality and antisocial behavior in children and adolescents: An enquiry into Eysenck’s and Gray’s theories. Psychological Theories For Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile delinquency has had many different theories to explain why juveniles commit crimes. McNamara, L., & Ballard, M. E. (1999). B., McBurnett, K., Loeber, R., & Hart, E. L. (1995). Thornberry, T. P. (1996). How early can we tell? Theories For Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquency Theories There are many thoughts as to why juveniles become delinquent. A. Wide agreement or consensus is assumed about which behaviors are valued and disvalued in society. © The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-38250-6_1. Meyers, K., McLellan, A. T., Jaeger, J. L., & Pettinati, H. M. (1995). Conger, R. D. (1976). Cognitive and neuropsychological characteristics of physically aggressive boys. Pursuing the psychopath: Capturing the fledgling psychopath in a nomological net. Ambient air temperature as a predictor of activity of adult Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae). (1995). Includes all deviations from normal youthful behaviour. Introduction. Juvenile delinquency Juvenile delinquency, also known as juvenile offending, or youth crime, is participation in illegal behavior by minors (juveniles) (individuals younger than the statutory age of majority).Most legal systems prescribe specific procedures for dealing with juveniles, such as juvenile detention centers, and courts. Campbell, S. B., Pierce, E. W., Moore, G., Marakovitz, S., & Newby, K. (1996). We would like to acknowledge the contribution of Michelle H. Nagle to the section on female delinquency. Theories of Delinquency An Examination of Explanations of Delinquent Behavior. In R. Loeber & D. Farrington (Eds.). In J. Hudziak (Ed.). Theories of Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile delinquency is a threat to society and accordingly, the need to develop an understanding of the deviant behavior is of an utmost importance. Personality, antisocial behavior, and aggression: A meta-analytic review. Nagin, D., & Tremblay, R. E. (1999). If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, (1998). Kennedy, T. D., Burnett, K. F., & Edmonds, W. A. (1997). Fonseca, A. C., & Yule, W. (1995). Maturity of judgment in adolescence: Psychosocial factors in adolescent decision making. A meta-analysis of the predictors of delinquency among girls. Reactive and proactive aggression in school children and psychiatrically impaired chronically assaultive youth. Moffitt, T. E., Lynam, D. R., & Silva, P. A. Juvenile Delinquency Theories “Once a criminal, always a criminal”, this is a famous saying that is common to the American household and which most finds to be true. Drapela, L. A., & Mosher, C. (2007). Modeling mediation in the etiology of violent behavior in adolescence: A test of the social development model. Disentangling the impact of low cognitive ability and inattention on social behavior and peer relationships. A., Calhoun, G. B., & Petrocelli, J. V. (2002). A study of neurodevelopmental findings in early adolescent delinquents. Lin, W. H., Cochran, J. K., & Mieczkowski, T. (2011). Loeber, R. (1991). Brower, M. C., & Price, B. H. (2001). Dodge, K. A., Lochman, J. E., Harnish, J. D., Bates, J. E., & Pettit, G. S. (1997). Neuropsychiatric and experiential correlates of violent juvenile delinquency. Lynam, D. R. (1997). Many juvenile curfews are based on (1990). The Encyclopedia of Theoretical Criminology. Zagar, R., Arbit, J., Sylvies, R., Busch, K. G., & Hughes, J. R. (1990). Theories on Juvenile Delinquency There are three common theories on juvenile delinquency. Chronic juvenile offenders: Exploring risk factor models of recidivism. Raine, A., Venables, P. H., & Williams, M. (1990). (2000). Resting arousal, sensation seeking, and music preference. Early precursors of frequent offending. Hoaken, P. N., Giancola, P. R., & Pihl, R. O. Criminal and behavioral aspects of juvenile sexual homicide. These theories focus on institutions, such as the family and school, that socialize individuals to conform their behavior to values of the surrounding society and on the ways in which these institutions can fail in this task. Some of the most considerable theories include the feminist theory, social disorganization theory, strain theory, sub-cultural, and educational theories among others. In. Juvenile delinquency is also simply called delinquency, and the two terms are used interchangeably in popular discourse. IQ and delinquency: A direct test of the differential detection hypothesis. While learning the multiple theories of juvenile delinquency, I found pertinent . B., Loeber, R., Tannenbaum, L., Van Horn, Y., Christ, M. A. G., … Hanson, K. (1993). (1997). The influence of gender, low birth weight, and disadvantaged environment in predicting early onset of offending: A test of Moffitt’s interactional hypothesis. Gilbert, D. G., Gilbert, B. O., Johnson, S., & McColloch, M. A. Holsinger, K. (2000). Widiger, T. A., Mangine, S., Corbitt, E. M., Ellis, C. R., & Thomas, G. V. (1995). The main focuses of these theories are social, which focus on the external factors such as environment and society that could lead juveniles to delinquent behavior. Definition of Juvenile Delinquency The behavior of a minor child that is marked by illegal activities, persistent antisocial behavior, or disobedience which the child’s parents are unable to control. Juvenile delinquency is a huge problem in the United States, (Smith, 2019). A 2-year prospective follow-up study of children and adolescents with disruptive behavior disorders: Prediction by cerebrospinal fluid 5- hydroxyindoleacetic acid, homovanillic acid, and autonomic measures? Mediating the effects of poverty, gender, individual characteristics, and external constraints on antisocial behavior: A test of the social development model and implications for developmental life-course theory. Bartusch, D. R. J., Lynam, D. R., Moffitt, T. E., & Silva, P. A. Tittle, C. R. (1995). Specifically, control theories of delinquency are first explored, followed by discussions of social learning and general strain theories. Delinquency is not merely “juvenile crime”. The recent reports have highlighted that there has been an increase of delinquent girls at an alarming rate because of the imperfect policies and practices of the juvenile justice system. Guralnick, M. J., & Groom, J. M. (1987). Intellectual, behavioral and personality correlates of violent versus non-violent juvenile offenders. Bandura, A. Genetic. (1994). In G. Sholevar (Ed.). The relationship of neuropsychological impairment to conduct disorder in adolescence: A conceptual review. Delinquency… This is a preview of subscription content. (1994). The question structural-functional theories tr… The judge’s approach towards the girls has also been inappropriate, hence creating female stereotypes in the community (Artz & Rotmann, 2015). Blumstein, A. Whalen, C. K., & Henker, B. Juvenile Delinquency is a phenomenon that affects communities worldwide, according to staggering media reports, both print and electronic, where Juveniles today are killing each other over turf, insults, Jokes, and a matter of machismo, and are now competing with the career criminals, in conducting deviant acts such as theft, murder/wounding, drug abuse, the sale of drugs, promiscuity and other … A control theory of delinquency. Developing a clinically useful actuarial tool for assessing violence risk. Séguin, J. R., Pihl, R. O., Harden, P. W., Tremblay, R. E., & Boulerice, B. Crime and delinquency are presented from historical and contemporary perspectives. Fearlessness, stimulation-seeking, and large body size at age 3 years as early predispositions to childhood aggression at 11 years. Krueger, R. F., Schmutte, P. S., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Campbell, K., & Silva, P. A. Testing interactional theory: An examination of reciprocal causal relationships among family, school, and delinquency. Yoshikawa, H. (1994). Nabuzoka, D., & Smith, P. K. (1993). Moffitt, T. E., & Silva, P. A. Theories of Juvenile Delinquency Locate a recent juvenile case using the Internet. An overview of the symposium [on developmental criminology] and some next steps. Structural-functional theories regard delinquent behavior as the consequence of strains or breakdowns in the social processes that produce conformity. Donald J. Shoemaker. Reactively and proactively aggressive children: Antecedent and subsequent characteristics. In. Key issues in the development of aggression and violence from childhood to early adulthood. Female offenders: Adults and juveniles in conflict with the law. McArthur Foundation Research Network on Mental Health and the Law (1996). 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