reuben james sinking

My analysis was of the song “The Sinking of the Reuben James” by Woody Guthrie. U-boat U-552 fired a torpedo at the ammunition ship, and inadvertently hit the Reuben James, sinking the US ship with the loss of 100 of the 144 men aboard the ship. Woody Guthrie had started to write a song including each name on the casualty list of the sinking. Writing ‘The Sinking of the Reuben James’ “When the U.S.S. Have you heard of the ship, called the good Reuben James Run by hard fighting men, both of honor and fame She flew the stars and stripes for I love that song! 1 . This is a listing of people associated with this ship. 6731 Whittier Avenue, Suite C-100 McLean, VA 22101, From Tolkien to Hitler: Famous Soldiers of World War I, The Battle for Omaha Beach: The Men of the D-Day Invasion, Napoleon Bonaparte’s Last Campaign: The Battle of Waterloo, Operation Barbarossa: World War II’s Eastern Front, The Battle of Gettysburg: Turning Point of the American Civil War, What Made the German Luger the Most Famous Pistol in Modern Warfare, The Essential Role of Navy PBR Boats in the Vietnam War, The Real Story of General George Patton, Jr’s Death & Final Days, Colonel William O. Darby and the U.S. Army Rangers, Operation Frantic On Eastern Front: Preview Of the Cold War. fair game, it was only a matter of time before we became involved in a Gone in an instant,” recalled electrician’s mate Thomas Turnbull. She was 314 feet long, 30 feet in the beam, and capable of speeds of up to 33 knots. bound for Great Britain carrying war materials from our "Arsenal of Democracy." Her mission, seaman James Thompson wrote to his parents, was to “see who is raising hell with our ships.”, Only one destroyer in the convoy—the USS Niblack (DD-424)—had radar. While news of the sinking arrived quickly, word on the fate of the crew took several days longer. In connection with the list of the survivors and the list of those lost on the Reuben James, which was recently forwarded, all survivors of the Reuben James disaster have reported to this Receiving Ship with the exception of THOMPSON, James C., Sea.2c., USN, 300-43-32, and TURNBULL, Thomas P., E.M.2c., USN, 223-53-96, both of whom were seriously injured. The Reuben James’ last day was October 31, 1941. Have you heard of a ship called the good Reuben James Manned by hard fighting men both of honor and fame? Roosevelt did not break off diplomatic relations with Germany, and he stayed away from the bellicose rhetoric he had used after the Greer and Kearny attacks. “With a terrific roar a column of orange flame towers high into the night as her magazines go up,” recalled Griffith Baily Coale, a naval artist sailing with the convoy. Although not the first U.S. Navy ship torpedoed A New York Times editorial said that the sinking “brushes away the last possible doubt that the United States and Germany are now at open war in the Atlantic.” “Worse than piracy,” proclaimed Navy Secretary Frank Knox, and Senator Alben Barkley of Kentucky accused the Germans of trying “to drive us off the seas, and I don’t believe the American people are ready to be driven off.” Senator George Aiken of Vermont, however, said that Roosevelt was “personally responsible for whatever lives may have been lost” because he had ordered convoy duty. The Sinking Of The Reuben James Words and Music by Woody Guthrie. Nimitz, Chief of Bureau of Navigation.”. Tell me what were their names. Sadly, most of the country ignored the sinking. By escorting British ships, a German official said, the Reuben James became fair game: “Anybody walking along the railroad tracks at night should not be surprised if they get run over by an express train.” Senator Gerald P. Nye of North Dakota seemed to agree. There are moments in military history that forever alter the flow of human events. “Midships was now the bow” is how fireman Norman Hingula described it. For gunner’s mate Walter Sorensen, his main wish was to come home on leave just once more, “even if it is only for a few days.” “Ol’ Rube” was not as rugged or in the same class as modern destroyers like the Kearny, but “in an emergency … these craft must be used as found,” retired Admiral William V. Pratt told Newsweek magazine. It also includes photos of DE-153 and Guided Missile Frigate Reuben James FFG-57. The Kearny, a modern ship commissioned in 1940, survived the attack and reached port, but 11 sailors were killed and 22 more were injured. of friends or loved ones. Germany defended the attack. A D Did you have a friend on the Good Reuben James? We also have a detailed page on the American destroyer USS Reuben James (DD 245).. The USS Reuben James DD-245 was sunk by a German U-Boat five full weeks before the attack on Pearl Harbor. Times when the very landscape appears to shift. (The Reuben James was the first U.S. naval ship sunk by German U-boats in World War II.) When the destroyer USS Reuben James (DD-245) was assigned to convoy duty in the North Atlantic in the autumn of 1941, its crew had a sense of foreboding and feared the worst. Woody Guthrie had started to write a song including each name on the casualty list of the sinking. Of the ship’s crew, only 45 were saved; 99 sailors perished, including all seven of the ship’s officers. While escorting convoy HX-156, the American destroyer U.S.S. “Choking on oil and water, they are like small animals caught in molasses,” artist Coale wrote. Germany and Great Britain had been at war for two years. USS Reuben James (DD-245)—- a post-World War I, four-funnel Clemson-class destroyer—- was the first United States Navy ship named for Boatswain's Mate Reuben James (c. 1776 –1838), who distinguished himself fighting in the First Barbary War, and the first sunk by hostile action in the European theater of World War II. The Reuben James was one of five destroyers escorting the convoy’s more than 50 merchant ships, many of which flew the Union Jack. to the Navy to find out the fate There have been countless thousands of published works devoted to all or of it. On October 23, 1941, U.S. Navy destroyer USS Reuben James left Newfoundland to escort a convoy bound for Britain. In Boston harbor, the Navy held a memorial service on the deck of the USS Constitution (“Old Ironsides”), a ship well known to sailor Reuben James, as the families of the lost seamen looked on with “tear-stained, tight-lipped faces.” Six women, led by Almeda Edwards, “tossed flowers on the ebbing tide and even as they did the sun broke through the thick clouds and bathed the wreaths in its pale light,” the Associated Press reported. “The whole front of the ship lifted up and it was gone. Reuben James was torpedoed by the Nazis off the coast of Iceland in late October [1941], killing 86 and wounding 44, Woody was inspired to write a ballad about the incident. Tell me, what were their names? At daybreak, she was about 600 miles west of Ireland and “blacked out to avoid reflection in the inquisitive monocles of U-boat periscopes,” as Newsweek put it. Young men in Logan County, West Virginia, home of lost sailor George Woody, sought revenge. World events soon pushed the Reuben James to the side. The sinking of the Reuben James contributed to the American war sentiment, and the U.S. and Germany went to war six weeks later. Others were torn apart.”. On the Reuben James, torpedoman Robert Howard recalled, “All you had was a pair of binoculars and a rubber ear to press against the skin of the ship to listen for [submarine] screw noises.”. In the annals of military history magazines, this is one of those moments. As for a declaration of war, the New York Times noted, “The people, their Representatives in Congress and even many high officials of the government are deeply divided on the subject.” Rather than spark enlistments, Navy enlistments declined 15 percent in November 1941, something officials attributed to the loss of life on the Reuben James. Reuben James (DE-153), a Buckley-class destroyer escort 3. They had no choice. Chorus: "What were their names, tell me what were their names/Did you have a friend on the good Reuben James?" It is considered the first American naval casualty of WWII. In Portland, Maine, where about half the crew lived, the wives of 40 crew members—“red-eyed and listless, after hours of vigil with little sleep”— awaited news of their husbands. Three warships of the Navy have been named Reuben James in his honor: Although the United States was still offi- cially neutral, Congress had enacted the Lend-Lease Act in March 1941 to help Great Britain survive. Word of the Reuben James sinking quickly reached the United States, but details were few. Edwards, wrote to her husband, “It has been two days and still no one has told me that you are coming back to me. The Reuben James appeared in The Hunt For Red October, and the Reuben James was the first ship to find Soviet Submarine Captain Marko Raimius and his crew of defectors. It changed the world more than any other single event in history. On February 16, 1804, James, a boatswain’s mate, stood on the deck of the USS Philadelphia in Tripoli as Barbary pirates struck. My two Uncles died on board when the ship was sunk. AUTHOR: Words: Woody Guthrie & Pete Seeger w. the Almanac Singers EARLIEST DATE: November, 1941 The Sinking Of The Reuben James Lyrics The Sinking Of The Reuben James is found on the album This Land Is Your Land: The Asch Recordings, Vol. Reuben James (DD-245), a four-stack Clemson-class destroyer 2. One had been demolished by the torpedo; the other could not be lowered into the water because of the steep angle of the sinking ship. During Heywood L. “Tex” Edwards, a 1926 Naval Academy graduate and a member of the 1928 U.S. Olympic wrestling team. Because German U-boats (submarines) considered all ships in the convoys Her skipper was Lt. Cmdr. The Royal Canadian Navy escorted the convoys to a point off Newfoundland. As a result, several of us local boys enlisted in the Navy,” said Farris Burton, one of those who joined up. This song is about the Reuben James, an American destroyer that was sunk by a German U-Boat in October 1941, two months before the US joined the war. 1941. The Navy performed these duties while the United States maintained its official neutrality. The aft part of the ship remained afloat for about five minutes. The presence of the escort destroyers may have saved the crew of the Reuben James from even greater casualties. The Reuben James carried only two lifeboats and they were now useless. The Greer dodged two torpedoes and counterattacked with depth charges. Three warships of the Navy have been named Reuben Jamesin his honor: 1. The Reuben James, however, was not forgotten, thanks in large part to folksinger Woody Guthrie’s ballad about the sinking: “Tell me what were their names. Patrick Reuben James (* um 1776 in Sleaford; 3. On October 17, 1941, a U-boat torpedoed the USS Kearny (DD-432) as she escorted a 50-ship convoy. Forty-three years earlier, the sinking of the USS Maine in Havana harbor had led to an outcry for war, but the sinking of the Reuben James did not spark the same reaction. Acting with “cold precision,” the ships and their crews rescued the few survivors. Coordinates. “The water was so cold it would kill you in no time. Although not the first U.S. Navy ship torpedoed before the war, the Reuben James was the first one lost. the news of the sinking reached America, many concerned people wrote letters For Reuben “If it hadn’t been for those depth charges, we probably would have had another 40 or 50 survivors,” recalled Fireman Second Class George Giehrl. Survivors on the Reuben James saw the instantaneous damage. Reuben James is a name rich in Navy lore. XHTML: You can use these tags:

. Dezember 1838 in Washington, D.C.) war ein Boatswain's mate[1] der United States Navy, der für eine angebliche oder tatsächliche Heldentat im Amerikanisch-Tripolitanischen Krieg berühmt wurde. Of course, the Soviet Sailors who stood on her Foc'sle were'nt really Soviets, they were Reuben James crewmembers. Sadly, most of the country ignored the sinking. Merchant ships of other nations, such as Great Britain, were free to tag along, and these “hitchhikers” got U.S. Navy protection. "shooting war.". - Johnny Horton Makes History - on COLUMBIA Records in 1960. "The Sinking Of The Reuben James" Have you heard of a ship called the good Reuben James Manned by hard fighting men both of honor and fame? But there’s NEVER been anything like THIS before. Reuben James DESCRIPTION: Describes the sinking of the destroyer "Reuben James" by submarines off the coast of Iceland, the loss of 100 men [and the rescue of 44]. including all officers. The ship named for James, the USS Reuben James, was a four-stack destroyer, commissioned in 1920. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill cabled Roosevelt that he “grieved at the loss of life you have suffered with Reuben James.” In her daily newspaper column, First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt wrote that she could not “help but think of every one of the 120 men and their families, who are anxiously awaiting news.” The Russian newspaper Pravda praised the United States for having “taken its fighting post,” and the London Daily Mail predicted that the United States was “marching down the last mile to a declaration of war.”. As the survivors struggled to stay afloat, unsecured depth charges from the Reuben James hit the water as the ship sank. Roosevelt’s logic was simple: “If you see a rattlesnake poised to strike, you do not wait until he has struck before you crush him.”. Some did rally to the flag, however. One who did not was folk singer Woody Guthrie, who wrote his now famous Found on more albums: On October 31, 1941, the USS Reuben James became one of America’s first casualties of war—even before war was declared. He said he was “itching to get a crack at” the German Navy. Woody Guthrie was staying at the Almanac House in Greenwich Village when he wrote this song. While on leave, boatswain’s mate Frederick Post had a drink with a friend and predicted it would be the last drink they would ever have together. Five weeks later, the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor, the U.S. Congress declared war on Japan, and Germany declared war on the United States. Lyrics to 'The Sinking Of The Reuben James' by Woody Guthrie. song immediately after the incident: Tell me, what were their names? She flew the Stars and Stripes of the land of the free But tonight she's in her grave at the bottom of the sea. Unsecured depth charges from the Reuben James Manned by hard fighting men both of honor and?! 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