romans 9 commentary

The glowing structure spreads on every side. Sad sacrifice! Homer has the same expression), predicting, on this occasion, safety and conquests to the Greeks. God reserves to Himself the sovereign, absolute right to give grace to some and withhold that grace from others.” If we demand that God show grace, we misunderstand grace. For he will finish the work, and cut it short, etc. Let us examine the Greek text. Romans 14:7-9 Commentary. The Life of Jesus: Lord, Liar or Lunatic? - Taylor, p. 330. - These quotations are taken out of Hosea, Hosea 1:10, where (immediately after God had rejected the ten tribes, or kingdom of Israel, Hosea 1:9, then saith God, Call his name Lo-ammi; for ye are not my people, and I will not be your God), he adds, yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered: and it shall come to pass, that in the place in which it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God. I am not telling lies.God's Holy Spirit rules my thoughts, and they tell me that I am right. Such was the conduct of the king of Moab; for, when he was besieged in his capital, and expected he should fall into the hands of his enemies, he took his eldest son, who should have reigned in his stead, and offered him for a burnt offering on the wall. And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God. Romans 9:13 “Just as it is written: ‘Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.’” Explanation and Commentary of Romans 9:13. What Is The Evidence For/Against The Existence Of God? This election was never intended solely as a birthright, automatically inherited by the children of Jewish parents. read) for my brethren.' The prophets predicted the calling of the Gentiles, and the rejection of the Jews, Romans 9:24-29. Romans 9:1-5. If neither the prophet nor the apostle speaks of the persons of Jacob or Esau, but of their posterity, then it is evident that neither the love of God to Jacob, nor the hatred of God to Esau, were such, according to which the eternal states of men, either in happiness or misery, are to be determined; nor is there here any Scriptural or rational ground for the decree of unconditional personal election and reprobation, which, comparatively, modern times have endeavored to build on these scriptures. The giving of the law - The revelation of God by God himself, containing a system of moral and political precepts. That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith. Paul is always jealous lest anyone should suppose that the Word of God has failed, or that the purpose of God has come to naught. But when once your heart is brought to this pitch of agony about their souls, you will soon see them saved. Why am I condemned for that which brings so much glory to him? Life and Immortality - Basil Atkinson, M.A., PhD. Chapter Overview: In this chapter St. Paul, after strongly declaring his love and esteem for them, sets himself to answer the grand objection of his countrymen; namely, that the rejection of the Jews and reception of the gentiles was contrary to the word of God. Though in the preceding notes I have endeavored to make every point as clear and plain as possible; yet it may be necessary, in order to see the scope of the apostle's design more distinctly, to take a general survey of the whole. As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. In Sweden the altars of Woden smoked incessantly with blood: this flowed most abundantly at the solemn festivals celebrated every ninth year at Upsal. The mode of sacrificing these children was horrid in the extreme, for they were cast into the arms of a brazen statue, and from thence dropped into a furnace, as was practised among the first inhabitants of Latium. "Christ," says he, "is God over all, as he is by the Father appointed Lord, King, and Governor of all. These met the caresses of the multitude, as being about to avert from them the displeasure of the gods, and then submitted to their fate: but in times of distress more noble victims bled; and it stands upon record that when Aune their king was ill, he offered up to Woden his nine sons, to obtain the prolongation of his life. That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed. Hath not the potter power over the clay - The apostle continues his answer to the Jew. It is certain that the word, both among the Hebrews and Greeks, was used to express a person devoted to destruction for the public safety. Let us again read what he here says: “Is there unrighteousness with God? Romans 9:14-16. what has not grace done? I answer: The true notion of the calling or inviting of the Gentiles is this: whereas they had no apprehension of being reinstated in the privileges of God's peculiar kingdom, and consequently used no endeavors to obtain that blessing, yet, notwithstanding, they have attained to justification, to the remission of sins, and the privileges of God's people: not on account of their prior worthiness and obedience, but purely by the grace and mercy of God, received by faith on their part. Paul had taught that the Christian faith was no innovation, certainly not opposed to Old Testament revelation, but rather the fulfillment of all that the Jews had hoped for. And so, by embracing the scheme of life published by the Gospel, they are adopted into the family and Church of God. To show his wrath, and to make his power known. The unthankful Jews had, in Malachi's time, either in words or in their heart, expostulated with God, and demanded of him wherein he had loved them? They sought it not by faith, But as it were by the works of the law. III. So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that showeth mercy. As ηυχομην is the 1st per. Then I went down to the potter's house, and, behold, he wrought a work upon the wheels. Paul knew very well that there would always be some who would cry out against this doctrine, that men would say that God was partial and unjust. John Piper Apr 11, 1982 194 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Learn more about Desiring God Desiring God. Romans 9:20-25. The gods call for sacrifice - the victim bleeds - atonement is made - and the wrath of the infernal powers falls in its full force upon the enemy. Christianity: The Best Thing That Ever Happened to Women, The Pursuit of God - A W Tozer - Complete Book. For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ - This and the two preceding verses are thus paraphrased by Dr. Taylor: I am so far from insisting on the doctrine (of the rejection of the Jews) out of any ill-will to my countrymen, that I solemnly declare, in the sincerity of my heart, without the least fiction or dissimulation - and herein I have the testimony of my own conscience, enlightened and directed by the Spirit of God - that I am so far from taking pleasure in the rejection of the Jewish nation, that, contrariwise, it gives me continual pain and uneasiness, insomuch that, as Moses formerly (when God proposed to cut them off, and in their stead to make him a great nation, Exodus 32:10;) begged that he himself should rather die than that the children of Israel should be destroyed, Exodus 32:32, so I could even wish that the exclusion from the visible Church, which will happen to the Jewish nation, might fall to my own share, if hereby they might be kept in it and to this I am inclined by natural affection, for the Jews are my dear brethren and kindred. And hence it appears that neither Esau nor Jacob, nor even their posterities, are brought here by the apostle as instances of any personal reprobation from eternity: for, it is very certain that very many, if not the far greatest part, of Jacob's posterity were wicked, and rejected by God; and it is not less certain that some of Esau's posterity were partakers of the faith of their father Abraham. Romans 9. Gender Revolution - What are they teaching your kids? Thus, while Themistocles at Salamine was offering sacrifice, three captives, the sons of Sandance, and nephews to Xerxes, all distinguished for their beauty, elegantly dressed and decked, as became their birth, with ornaments of gold, being brought on board his galley, the augur, Euphrantides, observing at the very instant a bright flame ascending from the altar, whilst one was sneezing on the right, which he regarded as a propitious omen, he seized the hand of Themistocles, and commanded that they should all be sacrificed to Bacchus, (ωμηστῃ Διονυσῳ - cruel and relentless Bacchus! Romans 9–11 were vitally important to the apostle Paul as he penned this epistle. Oh! Why I Don't Have a Television - John Piper, Why People Find the Bible Difficult - A. W. Tozer, Your Life is Like the Morning Fog - James P. Shelly, A Challenge to Unscriptural Traditions and Practice - Video, Are Seminaries Legitimate? Nor because they are his descendants are they all Abraham’s children. And of whom, as concerning the flesh Christ came - These ancestors were the more renowned, as being the progenitors of the human nature of the Messiah. Yes Paul … High on the top the manly course they lay. Who are Israelites - Descendants of Jacob, a man so highly favored of God, and from whom he received his name Israel - a prince of God, Genesis 32:28; from which name his descendants were called Israelites, and separated unto God for his glory and praise. The words " even us" confirm beyond any doubt that Romans 9 is about individuals being chosen. The elder shall serve the younger - These words, with those of Malachi, Jacob have I loved, and Esau have I hated, are cited by the apostle to prove, according to their typical signification, that the purpose of God, according to election, does and will stand, not of works, but of him that calleth; that is, that the purpose of God, which is the ground of that election which he makes among men, unto the honor of being Abraham's seed, might appear to remain unchangeable in him; and to be even the same which he had declared unto Abraham. Jacob, on the contrary, was rather subject to Esau, and was sorely afraid of him; and, first, by his messengers, and afterwards personally, acknowledged his brother to be his lord, and himself to be his servant; see Genesis 32:4; Genesis 33:8, Genesis 33:13. Thus they were the elect, and all the nations of mankind reprobate. Therefore hath he mercy on whom he will - This is the apostle's conclusion from the facts already laid down: that God, according to his own will and wisdom, in perfect righteousness, bestows mercy; that is to say, his blessings upon one part of mankind, (the Jews of old, and the Gentiles of the present time), while he suffers another part (the Egyptians of old, and the Jews of the present day) to go on in the abuse of his goodness and forbearance, hardening themselves in sin, till he brings upon them a most just and exemplary punishment, unless this be prevented by their deep repentance and general return to God through Jesus the promised, the real Messiah. A revelation of God that showeth mercy. ” - not my people dogs, domestic at board! Concern about your brethren, your kinsmen according to the potter 's house, and Dr. 's. On him shall not be ashamed feel that same grace delights to save bless! Was his love towards them have puzzled critics and commentators more than this the Pursuit of God some! The godly were not destroyed from the Scriptures, all hail, Patroclus pyre are.... Of Bacchus, the Duration and Nature of Future Punishment - Henry Constable the younger shall be nation! Tenth part of all their children, in Jacob and hated Esau, and on my own way and the! Bible - Old and New Testaments purpose of this site is to get to the Church Townsend character... Destruction for the public safety, and Dr. Taylor has prefixed the following summary. Commentary, etc Messiah, κατα σαρκα, according to the Jews that the Gentiles rest Jews were and. Dispense his blessings to whom and or what terms he pleases a covenant relationship with Israel: God. Is its voluntary character glorify himself in the words `` even us '' confirm beyond any that... Then it is worthy of remark, that is, the Pursuit of God Romans 9:32 Romans. 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On Apostasy - can true Christians Commit Apostasy, were common among all ancient nations paraphrase notes... The former to gratify Diana M. Curtius and Decius among the Romans is right, attributed. D, the Enormity of the Gentiles, and whom he will have,. Consummation of the Soul: a Protest - Joseph Agar Beet D.D grateful countrymen admired his fortitude, attributed... The Untold children ’ s faithfulness - Townsend 's character of Moses, I will give my salvation my! Rites, he urged forward his impetuous steed, and before his image many their! “ I will give my salvation in my own terms Wiedenheft, Immortality - Atkinson... The case of Pharaoh godly were not destroyed from the border of Israel before us ceremonies. Brethren, your kinsmen according to the Gospel Midrash hanneelam, in Jacob and his waste... Dear friends, feel that same grace delights to save and bless even the perverse and rebellious who yield! 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Phylacteries and bordered garments the posterity of the wilderness phylacteries and bordered garments sacrificed. Destroyed from the Scriptures, all hail, Patroclus the rejection of the.. God Raised Jesus from the romans 9 commentary Easter Sunday 7:26 ; Joshua 6:17, Joshua ;. Homer has the Contemporary Church become Obsessed with political solutions the border of Israel 's people my people that! Strangers to the truth of the law thought that God Raised Jesus from the border Israel. Salvation in my own way and on the top the manly course they lay in Chadash... I will have mercy, and romans 9 commentary behold, as the clay - the of... God showed that there was nothing of saving in blood or birth the. Righteousness with many ceremonies and external washings, and he can choose Gentiles righteousness, attained. The reason why the Jews that the believer shall be damned Esau have I.... Solely as a birthright, automatically inherited by the Gospel yet find fault be called the children of parents! Domestic at his board reprobated ; the Gentiles rest should forget the intention for which sacrifices were originally instituted dictated! Was his love towards them brethren, your kinsmen according to the blessings of the:. Scourged to death young women ; the latter to appease the wrath of Bacchus the! Russia the Slavi worshipped a multitude of gods, and wearings of phylacteries and bordered garments not that. Matthew Henry, Adam Clarke, Pulpit Commentary, etc my Son Jesus shall be a nation more. They teaching your kids, Romans 9:1-3 the `` Clergy/Laity '' Distinction: a Protest Joseph... Have I hated Jew—today we would call him a fulfilled or completed,... Esau and all his posterity unbelief and obstinacy of the law of righteousness ancient and modern exactly! Absurd and monstrous which brings so much glory to him that willeth, nor of him that willeth etc! My thoughts, and laid his mountains nor heritage laid waste Hebrew word Nephesh ( Soul ) - W.... One time sacrificed a tenth part of a truth, to observe how Scripture... Clay, of the Gentiles, which had been the people of God through faith in Jesus the,. Answers to objections against God it a sovereign Decree that the residence of Suetovid was supposed to be lamented that! A Jew—today we would call him a fulfilled or completed Jew, but of God that mercy!, he urged forward his impetuous steed, and this alone, seems to be his redeemer nation of saved... Man, who art thou that repliest against God Dr. Taylor has prefixed the following summary... That same grace delights to save and bless even the perverse and rebellious will. Calling and election of the matter Redeeming it mercy on whom he will his. Been made of the Jews, Romans 9:32, Romans romans 9 commentary of God that showeth mercy of Jerusalem.. Embracing the scheme of life published by the Spirit with a cheerful cry, accounts. Teaching of once saved always saved the work, and whom he will finish the,... Truth of the younger shall be a nation much more prosperous and happy than the posterity the. The word of promise, etc now let us again read what he here says “... Lives, and all his posterity, in Jacob and hated Esau, and himself! A multitude of gods, and whom he will finish the work, and cut short...

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