romania meaning in english

As of August 2019, its acceptance into the Schengen Area is hampered because the European Council has misgivings about Romania's adherence to the rule of law,[262] a fundamental principle of EU membership. [353] In 1930, there were 745,421 Germans living in Romania,[354] but only about 36,000 remained in the country to this day. [161] Calypso Botez established the National Council of Romanian Women to promote feminist ideas. [395] In 2010, Romania had 428 state and 25 private hospitals,[396] with 6.2 hospital beds per 1,000 people,[397] and over 200,000 medical staff, including over 52,000 doctors. Generally most young Romanians speak excellent English, especially in the largest cities. Romanian definition, a native or inhabitant of Romania. [153] After the October Revolution turned Russia from an ally into an enemy, Romania was forced to sign a harsh peace treaty with the Central Powers in May 1918,[154] but the collapse of Russia also enabled the union of Bessarabia with Romania. Notable Romanian classical composers of the 19th and 20th centuries include: Ciprian Porumbescu, Anton Pann, Eduard Caudella, Mihail Jora, Dinu Lipatti and especially George Enescu. It is further divided into six sectors[236]:6 and has a prefect, a general mayor (primar), and a general city council. [96][97] Basarab I of Wallachia united the Romanian polities between the southern Carpathians and the Lower Danube in the 1310s. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, [26], The use of the name Romania to refer to the common homeland of all Romanians—its modern-day meaning—was first documented in the early 19th century.[c][27]. }); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, ", "Ansamblul sculptural Constantin Brancusi din Targu Jiu", "How important is tourism in Romania's economy? Romania is divided into 41 counties (județe, pronounced judetse) and the municipality of Bucharest. [355][358][359] The life expectancy in 2015 was estimated at 74.92 years (71.46 years male, 78.59 years female). "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" Romania. [236]:29 The average annual temperature is 11 °C (52 °F) in the south and 8 °C (46 °F) in the north. Origin. Romania derives from the Latin romanus, meaning "citizen of Rome". { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, There are a total of 320 cities and 2,861 communes in Romania. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, [329][330], In 2014, Romania had 32,500 companies active in the hotel and restaurant industry, with a total turnover of €2.6 billion. Most Wallachian and Moldavian princes paid a regular tribute to the Ottoman sultans from 1417 and 1456, respectively. expires: 365 [37], Greek colonies established on the Black Sea coast in the 7th century BC became important centres of commerce with the local tribes. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest. (A nu se confunda cu cel din Reg. [189] In February 1947, the Paris Peace Treaties confirmed the return of Northern Transylvania to Romania, but they also legalised the presence of units of the Red Army in the country. [250] In summer, average maximum temperatures in Bucharest rise to 28 °C (82 °F), and temperatures over 35 °C (95 °F) are fairly common in the lower-lying areas of the country. [160] Gender equality as a principle was enacted, but women could not vote or be candidates. [40] Centuries later, Strabo associated the Getae with the Dacians who dominated the lands along the southern Carpathian Mountains in the 1st century BC. [217] During 2017–2018, in response to measures which were perceived to weaken the fight against corruption, some of the biggest protests since 1989 took place in Romania, with over 500,000 people protesting across the country. ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); [100] A local dynasty ruled the Despotate of Dobruja in the second half of the 14th century, but the Ottoman Empire took possession of the territory after 1388. [401], In the 20th century, a number of Romanian artists and writers achieved international acclaim, including: Tristan Tzara, Marcel Janco,[402] Mircea Eliade, Nicolae Grigorescu, Marin Preda, Liviu Rebreanu,[403] Eugène Ionesco, Emil Cioran, and Constantin Brâncuși. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. }] In the club competition Romanian teams have won the EHF Champions League a total of three times, Steaua București won in 1968 as well as 1977 and Dinamo București won in 1965. [301] The report praised the consistent enforcement of contracts and access to credit in the country, while noting difficulties in access to electricity and dealing with construction permits. [255][258] Romania's 2007 entry into the EU has been a significant influence on its domestic policy, and including judicial reforms, increased judicial cooperation with other member states, and measures to combat corruption. [117] The Orthodox Church was restored in Transylvania only after Orthodox monks stirred up revolts in 1744 and 1759. [108] The Romanians' Orthodox faith remained only tolerated,[108] although they made up more than one-third of the population, according to 17th-century estimations. Get relevant English-Romanian translations in context with real-life examples for millions of words and expressions, using our natural language search engine applied on bilingual big data. dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); [200] Nevertheless, anti-Communist resistance was one of the most long-lasting in the Eastern Bloc. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, [475], Romania's 306 all-time Summer Olympics medals would rank 12th most among all countries, while its 89 gold medals would be 14th most. var dfpSlots = {}; [154], Austria-Hungary quickly disintegrated after the war. What Lessons for the Spatial Policy? [3] Bucharest is the capital and the largest city in Romania, with a population of over 1.8 million in 2011. [105] The formal alliance of the Hungarian, Saxon, and Székely leaders, known as the Union of the Three Nations, became an important element of the self-government of Transylvania. iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); [38][39] Among the native peoples, Herodotus listed the Getae of the Lower Danube region, the Agathyrsi of Transylvania and the Syginnae of the plains along the river Tisza at the beginning of the 5th century BC. [356] In 2014, 31.2% of births were to unmarried women. Although 54.0% of the population lived in urban areas in 2011,[3] this percentage has been declining since 1996. name: "pubCommonId", [264] In May 2009, Hillary Clinton, US Secretary of State, declared that "Romania is one of the most trustworthy and respectable partners of the USA. googletag.cmd.push(function() { [315], There were almost 18.3 million connections to the Internet in June 2014. [41] Burebista was the first Dacian ruler to unite the local tribes. [203]) It was the only Communist state to maintain diplomatic relations with Israel after 1967's Six-Day War and established diplomatic relations with West Germany the same year. iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ptl", "entry-mcp"); meaning translation in English - Romanian Reverso dictionary, see also 'meaning',mean',means',meantime', examples, definition, conjugation { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, An overwhelming majority of the population identify themselves as Christians. Ciprian Manolescu managed to write a perfect paper (42 points) for a gold medal more times than anybody else in the history of the competition, in 1995, 1996 and 1997. [173] Romania was forced to cede Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union on 26 June 1940, Northern Transylvania to Hungary on 30 August, and Southern Dobruja to Bulgaria in September. The 1984 Summer Olympics was their most successful run, where they won 53 medals in total, 20 of them gold, ultimately placing 2nd to the hosts United States in the medal rankings. The River Danube, Europe's second-longest river, rises in Germany's Black Forest and flows in a generally southeasterly direction for 2,857 km (1,775 mi), coursing through ten countries before emptying into Romania's Danube Delta. Ce vor învăţa copiii şi cum vor fi evaluaţi", "Limited relevants. [297] The economy is based predominantly on services, which account for 56.2% of the country's total GDP as of 2017, with industry and agriculture accounting for 30% and 4.4% respectively. var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) Romania (/roʊˈmeɪniə/ (listen) ro-MAY-nee-ə; Romanian: România [romɨˈni.a] (listen)) is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); noun. [236]:17 A total of 103 of the larger cities have municipality status, which gives them greater administrative power over local affairs. 'cap': true dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); "error": true, [158] Romania achieved its greatest territorial extent, expanding from the pre-war 137,000 to 295,000 km2 (53,000 to 114,000 sq mi). [296] In 2005, the government replaced Romania's progressive tax system with a flat tax of 16% for both personal income and corporate profit, among the lowest rates in the European Union. The number of Romanians and individuals with ancestors born in Romania living abroad is estimated at around 12 million. [251] Precipitation is average, with over 750 mm (30 in) per year only on the highest western mountains, while around Bucharest it drops to approximately 570 mm (22 in). { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, The NUTS-1 (four macroregions) and NUTS-2[282] (eight development regions) divisions exist but have no administrative capacity and are used instead for coordinating regional development projects and statistical purposes. [119], Princes Dimitrie Cantemir of Moldavia and Constantin Brâncoveanu of Wallachia concluded alliances with the Habsburg Monarchy and Russia against the Ottomans, but they were dethroned in 1711 and 1714, respectively. What does Romania mean? { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, [199] Until the early 1960s, the government severely curtailed political liberties and vigorously suppressed any dissent with the help of the Securitate—the Romanian secret police. [104] Increasing taxes outraged the Transylvanian peasants, and they rose up in an open rebellion in 1437, but the Hungarian nobles and the heads of the Saxon and Székely communities jointly suppressed their revolt. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; Gheorghe Zamfir", "Gheorghe Zamfir, master of the pan pipe". dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, [339], During the 1990s and 2000s, the development of research was hampered by several factors, including: corruption, low funding, and a considerable brain drain. dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); The Romania national football team played its first match in 1922 and is one of only four national teams to have taken part in the first three FIFA World Cups, the other three being Brazil, France, and Belgium. [17] According to Eurostat, Romania's GDP per capita (PPS) was 70% of the EU average (100%) in 2019, an increase from 44% in 2007 (the year of Romania's accession to the EU), making Romania one of the fastest growing economies in the EU. Romania derives from the Latin romanus, meaning "citizen of Rome". The process succeeded in repaying all of Romania's foreign government debt in 1989. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; Learn more. [12] Following the outbreak of World War I, after declaring its neutrality in 1914, Romania fought on the side of the Allied Powers beginning in 1916. name: "unifiedId", English texts still used the word Rumania during World War II.This came from the French word Roumanie.. History Prehistory and the Romans. [132], Mihail Kogălniceanu, Nicolae Bălcescu and other leaders of the 1848 revolutions in Moldavia and Wallachia demanded the emancipation of the peasants and the union of the two principalities, but Russian and Ottoman troops crushed their revolt. [92] Also in the 13th century, during one of its greatest periods of expansion, the Republic of Genoa started establishing many colonies and commercial and military ports on the Black Sea, in the current territory of Romania. [255][256], The justice system is independent of the other branches of government and is made up of a hierarchical system of courts with the High Court of Cassation and Justice being the supreme court of Romania. On 1 March features mărțișor gifting, which is a tradition that females are gifted with a type of talisman that is given for good luck. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan", "Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. [328] Other attractions include the Danube Delta or the Sculptural Ensemble of Constantin Brâncuși at Târgu Jiu. {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, She has ended 2017 and 2018 as WTA's World Number 1. [278], In December 2011, the Romanian Senate unanimously adopted the draft law ratifying the Romania-United States agreement signed in September of the same year that would allow the establishment and operation of a US land-based ballistic missile defence system in Romania as part of NATO's efforts to build a continental missile shield.[279]. name: "_pubcid", googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_t", "earth-and-outer-space"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, SMART Vocabulary: related … Translation for 'Romania' in the free German-English dictionary and many other English translations. [357] { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, [255] Bucharest Metro, the only underground railway system, was opened in 1979 and measures 61.41 km (38.16 mi) with an average ridership in 2007 of 600,000 passengers during the workweek in the country. [177], Romania entered World War II soon after the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941. During this period, Romania's vast natural resources were drained continuously by mixed Soviet-Romanian companies (SovRoms) set up for unilateral exploitative purposes. [221], The country applied in June 1993 for membership in the European Union and became an Associated State of the EU in 1995, an Acceding Country in 2004, and a full member on 1 January 2007. [188][189] The Romanian administration in Northern Transylvania was soon restored, and Groza's government carried out an agrarian reform. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, There are plenty of expressions and sayings in the Romanian language, many of which very hard to translate. "Romanian film "Child's Pose" wins Berlin Golden Bear", "Report on the Nominations from Luxembourg and Romania for the European Capital of Culture 2007", "Muzeul National Peles | Site-ul oficial al castelelor Peles si Pelisor", "Traditii si obiceiuri romanesti. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, [249], Owing to its distance from open sea and its position on the southeastern portion of the European continent, Romania has a climate that is temperate and continental, with four distinct seasons. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, – Interviu", "EXCLUSIV | "Angelo Niculescu mi-a zis că nu mă bagă pentru că sunt maghiar şi Partidul crede că vând meciul. googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); [29] Romania is also the official English-language spelling used by the Romanian government. [389], Romania ranks fifth in the all-time medal count at the International Mathematical Olympiad with 316 total medals, dating back to 1959. type: "html5", storage: { [421][422] The traditional Romanian dress that otherwise has largely fallen out of use during the 20th century, is a popular ceremonial vestment worn on these festivities, especially in rural areas. iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); "Jo Jo Dan le poate calca pe urme lui Leu, Doroftei, Bute si Diaconu saptamana viitoare: "Sunt crescut in Rahova, asta spune tot, "Ghita vs. Verhoeven: Kickboxing's top heavyweights go to war on Twitter", "Adegbuyi: 'I'll show Wilnis why I'm ranked #1 at Heavyweight, Romanian Medals and Results in the Olympic Games, "40 years after perfect 10, gymnast Nadia Comaneci remains an Olympic icon", "Analysis. [175] Antonescu signed the Tripartite Pact of Germany, Italy and Japan on 23 November. [236]:17 It lies between latitudes 43° and 49° N and longitudes 20° and 30° E. The terrain is distributed roughly equally between mountains, hills, and plains. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, There are some regional differences: in western sections, such as Banat, the climate is milder and has some Mediterranean influences; the eastern part of the country has a more pronounced continental climate. Romanian is a Romance language, similar to Italian, Spanish and French, and has many similar words. Castles, fortifications, or strongholds as well as preserved medieval Transylvanian cities or towns such as Cluj-Napoca, Sibiu, Brașov, Bistrița, Mediaș, Cisnădie, or Sighișoara also attract a large number of tourists. The women's team won the world championship in 1962 and have enjoyed more success than their male counterparts in recent years. Brâncuși has a sculptural ensemble in Târgu Jiu, while his sculpture Bird in Space, was auctioned in 2005 for $27.5 million. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, Modern Romania was formed in 1859 through a personal union of the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. [349] Starting in December 2014, Romania became a co-owner of the International Space Station. [182] After the German occupation of Hungary in March 1944, about 132,000 Jews – mainly Hungarian-speaking – were deported to extermination camps from Northern Transylvania with the Hungarian authorities' support. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, The market for professional football in Romania is roughly €740 million according to UEFA. The frigate the Regele Ferdinand participated in the 2011 military intervention in Libya. Cum încearcă ministrul Nicolăescu să-i țină pe doctori în țară", "Brancusi's 'Bird in Space' Sets World Auction Record for Sculpture at $27,456,000", "November 9, The price record for a Brancusi masterpiece was set up in 2005 when "Bird in Space" was sold for USD 27.5 M", "Sounds Like Canada feat. [370], Romania is a secular state and has no state religion. Amongst countries who have never hosted the event themselves, they are second in the total number of medals earned. [13] In June–August 1940, as a consequence of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact and Second Vienna Award, Romania was compelled to cede Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union, and Northern Transylvania to Hungary.

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