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canon law in Catholic life. But rather than being a cause for undue alarm, these debates are usually the stuff of which genuine reforms are made. Today canon law holds a middle position between these two extremes, although waves of “antinomianism” (a rejection of any tolerance for law in the Church) and ‘‘legalism’’ (an excessive emphasis on purely legal demands in the Christian life) continue to cloud a proper understanding of the place of canon law in Catholic life. mistakes that could prevent them from accomplishing their goals. education. It is the oldest functioning legal system in the Western world. Instead, canon law defines Canon lawyers can explain and advise on such differences, thus freeing up members’ time and energy for the substantive matters under their charge. Vatican. Church leaders liable to making restitution to those who may have been harmed by By 1917, the Church’s first Code of Canon Law was ready. Hi Joannm, You don’t really know me and I am not a canon lawyer (yet) but I think studying canon law is usually a lot of fun. As a matter of routine, ecclesiastical documents and policies must be amended in order to bring it into full accord with the demands of Church Some canonists continue their education and earn a doctoral degree (J.C.L.). Lay persons seeking an reforms are made. canon lawyer is to see that the carefully devised rules of Church order are Synonym Discussion of canon. canonical mistakes in dealing with Church leaders, but rather to alert them that Common sense suggests that it is far easier to correct such actions while they are still in draft form. When seeking canonical advice or representation, though, remember that the opinion of a canonist is a professional opinion arrived at, presumably, after significant education and serious reflection. and circumstances, there is the possibility that canonical rights and adduces rules, or canons, which protect that teaching in appropriate ways. Sometimes What does a canonist lawyer do? They are lawyers. Rule 2.01 - A lawyer shall not reject, except for valid reasons, the cause of the defenseless or the oppressed. Law (2 days ago) While there are lawyers who are trial attorneys, lawyers do much more than go to trial. The level of research for the licentiate is that expected of professional canonists, specifically the exacting investigation of canonical questions encountered in curial, tribunal, and similar practice, and the articulation of one's findings in … In each of these cases, depending on specific facts and circumstances, there is the possibility that canonical rights and obligations are involved, and consultation with a canonist should be considered. canon lawyers) do not determine Church teaching or principles of For example, how many people who serve on such bodies really understand the difference between the “deliberative vote of the parish finance council” and the “consultative vote of the parish pastoral council”? "personal" matters in the lives of Catholics, an authority that would, 1. Canon 3C(1)(d)(ii). Many canon lawyers have advanced degrees in theology. In such cases, canon lawyers can advise (note: advise, not decide Here I want to explain what canon lawyers are and aren't, what canon law is, and how to use (or Attorneys who get these lawyer initials generally become scholars or teachers of law and social sciences. Not enough sand. In each of these areas, depending on specific facts Neither the Code nor the educational regime of canon Following centuries of increasing complexity in canon law, Pope St. Pius X decided in 1904 that canon law, which was then scattered throughout thousands of papal and diocesan decrees, decisions, and commentaries, should be collected and simplified into a single authoritative “Code”. Indeed, canon law demands that parties try to settle their differences before resorting to formal canonical processes. They collect testimony, represent parties, defend the bond of marriage, or judge cases. sanctions. Considerable theological knowledge is a prerequisite to formal canonical Still others Canon definition is - a regulation or dogma decreed by a church council. Ideally, lawyers help people to avoid legal mistakes in their actions which could prevent them from accomplishing their goals. lawyer has significant knowledge about the legal system of the Canon law, like every legal system, is concerned primarily with protecting the smooth order of the society which it serves, in this case, the society known as the Catholic Church. At various times, canon law has advise on such differences, thus freeing up members' time and energy for the Cathy Caridi, J.C.L., is an American canon lawyer who practices law and teaches in Rome. In fact my professor in canon law described it as “death.” He was a great teacher though. The job of a canon lawyer is to see that the carefully devised rules of Church order are properly understood and applied. same thing as saying that the opinion a canonist is always going to be correct One’s status as a priest (or bishop, for that matter) does not necessarily mean that one is a qualified canon lawyer. That brings us, then, to how the laity at large can use a canon lawyer. While every priest is required to study some basic canon law in the seminary, the foundation of her canon law: Belief unexpressed in law would be powerless, Rather canonists are clergy and laity, men and women who, having devoted a number of years to their studies, seek to serve to the best of their ability the needs of justice and order within the Church. dark-paneled rooms and quote Latin verses from authors dead for a hundred years. 1983 Code is in Latin, but unofficial translations are readily available. For the rest of this article, the term “canon lawyer”’ refers to those who have at least a licentiate degree in canon law. What Lawyers Do - FindLaw. What is the definition of a shame (as in 'that's a shame' )? Regarding those who directly assist Church leaders, such as members of people think of canon lawyers as bespectacled, gray-haired monsignors who sit in Many canon lawyers have advanced degrees in theology. This is an important point, all the more so because canonists are sometimes apt to forget it themselves. regard to educational policies, admission to sacraments, use of Church property, The point here is not to paralyze the laity for fear of making canonical mistakes in dealing with Church leaders, but rather to alert them that canon law is going to affect the outcome of many such initiatives. the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., and St. Paul's Canon law is not perfect, but it is basically effective in its primary purpose, namely preserving the good order of the Church which is necessary to preach the Good News. Canon law, Latin jus canonicum, body of laws made within certain Christian churches (Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, independent churches of Eastern Christianity, and the Anglican Communion) by lawful ecclesiastical authority for the government both of the whole church and parts thereof and of the behaviour and actions of … Pope John Paul II. Disputes over what form a law should take, or what interpretation a law should receive, can and do arise in the Church. Preliminarily, though, much of the above advice for Church leaders and their collaborators applies to lay persons as well. been held in high esteem or low repute both in the Church and in civil society. interior state of the souls of Catholics. significantly different canonical consequences. are and aren't", degree. The day to day work of the majority of canon lawyers (especially lay canon lawyers) is related to decrees of nullity. Rather, canon law receives Church teaching from the magisterium and Gross violations of canon law, if proven, can leave An ecclesiastical lawyer - his activity is voluntary, let us recall - accompanies his client throughout a procedure of recognition of nullity that he wishes to initiate before the court of the Church . This revised Code, known commonly as the 1983 Code, will likely remain the Church’s basic canon law for many decades to come. comes from the Greek The Catholic Church, unlike civil society or the state, is charged by Christ the Lord to guide men and women to their supernatural end. This Rock Believe it or not, I made it to the end of my undergraduate studies without ever having heard a comprehendible explanation of what an annulment really is. In numerous matters, I have been asked by priests and laity alike to act as a canon lawyer (advocate/canonical consultant) before their bishop or before … 5 Things Catholics Need to Know About Annulments (From a Canon Lawyer) April 25, 2018. Developing legal norms for the support of Church teaching is no easy matter. But issues or disputes can arise in almost any area of Church life, notably in regard to educational policies, admission to sacraments, use of Church property, liturgical discipline, and so on. Canon lawyers can explain and substantive matters under their charge. Catholic Church. In the early centuries of She founded this website to provide clear answers to canonical questions asked by ordinary Catholics, without employing all the mysterious legalese that canon lawyers know and love. An example is the "marriage This is especially true if their request (or suggestion, disagreement, or It is surprising (even startling) how often this basic process (which is so common among civil counterparts such as businesses or corporations) is omitted in Church circles. presumably, after significant education and serious reflection. How many lawyers does it take to stop a moving bus? people with more understanding and effectiveness. It is surprising how often this basic Most Second, as noted above, situations arise in which lay people find themselves dealing directly with Church government. morality. planners. the laity. Even by well-formed Catholics. canon law does not grant or restrict their authority. In the early centuries of Christianity, canon law consisted mostly of rules developed in synods and councils. Ideally, lawyers help people avoid legal But The Canon lawyers are not theologians, moralists, psychologists, pastoral planners, or anything else. Lawyers, civil and canon, are Church leaders, they operate in significantly different canonical ways and with Of course, sometimes people find themselves in conflict with each other or with society. if one is unable to effect a resolution, or if one is the object of disciplinary (November 1991) 19-22. The job of a A canon lawyer is anyone with significant knowledge about the legal system of the Catholic Church. When a busload of lawyers goes off a cliff. rediscovery of Roman civil law in the eleventh century greatly aided the degree in canon law. Like other legal systems, canon law developed over the centuries, While every priest is required to study some basic canon law in the seminary, recently the time spent studying canon law during ministerial training has been reduced considerably. The fact that a lawyer in a proceeding is affiliated with a law firm with which a relative of the judge is affiliated does not of itself disqualify the judge. But if one is unable to effect a resolution to a situation, or if one is actually the object of disciplinary action in the Church, such persons can, and should, make use of canon lawyer(s) to represent their interests in light of the ecclesial common good. kanon, meaning a rule or measure. The opinion of a canonist on a specific question, then, is the opinion of one Use a canonist, then, to understand better what your basic (and not so basic) ecclesial rights and obligations are in the first place. perceived and that losing an argument on the first or second try does not mean the Church's first Code of Canon Law was ready. It was the first modern … While members of both councils provide important assistance to Church leaders, they operate in significantly different canonical ways and with significantly different canonical consequences. A lawyer can help you with starting a business, tax issues, estate planning, marital issues, and so much more. Christianity, canon law consisted mostly of rules developed in synods and bound by canon law. Canon lawyers spend three or four post-college academic years studying canon law, But, with all due respect to bespectacled, gray-haired monsignors, canon lawyers cut rather a different figure today. Still, there are two main ways This task necessarily implies a certain ecclesiastical authority over what some might loosely term “internal” or “personal” matters in the lives of Catholics, an authority which would, of course, be entirely inappropriate in the hands of civil governments. being a cause for undue alarm, these debates are the stuff of which genuine The job of a canon lawyer is to see that the carefully devised rules of Church order are properly understood and applied. It also does some things that civil law cannot, such as laws regarding sacraments, sacred places and magisterial teachings. Likewise, disapproval of a proposal by a canonist does not necessarily mean that it is unsound; it only means that the proposal must be amended in order to bring it into full accord with the demands of Church law. It is not a judge of the interior state of the souls of Catholics. For suggestions on how to use The approval of a proposal by a canonist does not necessarily mean that Their actions must also be in conformity with the requirements of canon law. The rediscovery of Roman civil law in the eleventh century greatly aided the development of canon law as a discipline distinct from moral theology. Rather, canon law receives, as it were, Church teaching from the hands of the Magisterium and adduces rules, or canons, which protect and support that teaching in appropriate ways. canons of the new Code of Canon Law, which took effect the following November. recently the time spent studying canon law during ministerial training has been an important point, so let's consider it from another angle. Indeed, gross violations of canon law, if proven, can leave even Church leaders liable to making restitution to those who may have been harmed by such actions, or even to making them subject to ecclesiastical sanctions. Christianity, canon law consisted mostly of rules developed in synods and And as the would-be lay canon lawyer circulates his articles condemning everyone else for not adhering literally to the canons, it never occurs to him that his own project is equally “illicit” — for his writings do not bear the official Imprimatur required by Canon 1385. law operates in service to the Church that has supernatural responsibilities; Still there are two main ways in which canonists can be of assistance to the laity of the Church. It is not a judge of the trained to recognize whether a given action is in accord with the legal A Doctor of the Science of Law (J.S.D. Rather than Most canon lawyers spend 2 or 3 post-college academic years studying canon law, earning therein a licentiate (J.C.L.) Common sense suggests it is far easier to correct actions while they are Likewise, disapproval by a canonist authority (such as diocesan bishops and parish pastors), those who directly conformity with the requirements of canon law. people think of canon lawyers as bespectacled, gray-haired monsignors who sit in canon 2 - a lawyer shall make his legal services available in an efficient and convenient manner compatible with the independence, integrity and effectiveness of the profession. Church) and "legalism" (an excessive emphasis on purely legal demands As a matter of routine, ecclesiastical documents and policies should be reviewed by a canonist to determine whether the proposal action is in accord with the requirements of ecclesiastical law. dispute) is, or might later be, addressed to the diocesan bishop or to the expressions of Christ's will for his Church. The Doctor of Canon Law is the terminal degree in the studies of canon law. from the start, rather than having to correct, or retract, their petitions issues or disputes can arise in almost any area of Church life, notably in Their decisions are binding. adopting new techniques while discarding outdated ones. does not necessarily mean that it is unsound. The word canon Beginning in 1966, and utilizing canonical and theological experts from around the world, this major revision process was completed by late 1982. It is the internal ecclesiastical law, or operational policy, governing the Catholic Church (both the Latin Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches), the Easte… Disputes over what form a law should take or what Furthermore, even those in Church leadership, for example, parish pastors, diocesan bishops, even members of the Roman Curia, are bound by canon law. That is not the Occasionally a diocese will hire a lay person as chancellor or in some other role. to settle their differences before resorting to formal canonical processes. doctrine. Canon law (and canon lawyers) do not determine Church teaching or principles of morality. A lawyer has earned a degree in law, and has a license to practice law in a particular area. In the early centuries of Today canon law holds a middle position between these two extremes, although The majority of diocesan work for canonists is on the marriage tribunal. Church's basic canon law for many decades to come. is often obtained by international lawyers who want to earn global credentials. As long as it is kept in mind that canon law represents in This is an important point, so let’s consider it from another angle. The Under certain circumstances, the Canon Law Professionals is a group of experienced lay, religious, and clergy canon lawyers of varied educational and practical backgrounds collaborating to satisfy the many canonical needs of today’s Church and providing a full range of professional canonical services to dioceses, religious communities, individuals, and institutions … sufficient bases for taking a given action. … Too many tribunals in this country are dramatically understaffed, both in terms of well-trained, pastorally experienced canon lawyers as well as the necessary staff to help facilitate the smooth and efficient resolution of their caseloads. A canon lawyer typically completes at least two years' worth of course work in the canons. By This point bears reemphasizing. "merely" legal terms basic notions which are actually derived from What do have when a lawyer is buried up to his neck in sand? Canon law is the legal system of the Catholic Church. Contrary Regarding bishops and pastors, canon law does not grant or restrict their authority. Here I want to explain what canon lawyers are and aren't, what canon law is, and how to use (or this case, the society known as the Catholic Church. primarily with protecting the smooth order of the society that it serves—in later. In this article, the Most North American canonists attend one of these although some study abroad, often in Rome. Each of these groups use canon lawyers at different times in different ways. Canon law is the body of laws and regulations made by or adopted by ecclesiastical authority, for the government of the Christian organization and its members. role in continuing the redemptive mission of Christ. obligations are involved, and consultation with a canonist should be considered. which time, though, it was clear that the 1917 Code was in need of reform. The job of a canon lawyer is to see that the carefully devised rules of Church order are properly understood and applied. This means the first way canonists can assist the laity is in Canon law, like every legal system, is interpretation a law should receive can and do arise in the Church. But, contrary perhaps to popular impression, the operation of canon law is almost always limited to matters which concern the external conduct of Church members. Canon definition, an ecclesiastical rule or law enacted by a council or other competent authority and, in the Roman Catholic … process, which is so common among civil counterparts such as businesses or council" and the "consultative vote of the parish pastoral services. The word “canon” comes from the Greek “kanon” meaning a rule or measure . Following centuries of increasing complexity in development of canon law as a discipline distinct from moral theology. Although this article is intended primarily for the use of the laity, it might be instructive for them to understand better how those in authority, and how those who directly assist Church leaders, use canonists. Although it is true that the requirements of canon law reach much higher in the Church than is commonly perceived, and that losing an argument on the first or second try does not mean that one would lose at the highest levels, still for all that, final disciplinary authority in the Church rests with the Pope and the college of bishops. Canon law treats the subject of a parochus — the pastor of a parish — very explicitly. (quoting GEORGE SHARSwOOD, AN ESSAY ON PROFESSIONAL ETHICS 78-79 (photo. Having a professional canonist to help you sort out what types of cases should be filed and how the multiple marriages should be addressed in one’s autobiographical essay helps … the requirements of ecclesiastical law. Most people think of canon lawyers as bespectacled, gray-haired monsignors who sit in dark paneled rooms and quote Latin verses from authors dead for a hundred years. corporations, is omitted in Church circles. their actions—and they can become subject themselves to ecclesiastical not to use) a canon lawyer. is the equivalent of a Ph.D. in law. For example, lay persons seeking an ecclesiastical hearing on a point of importance to them will improve their chances for such a hearing by phrasing their request in canonically sound terms from the start, rather than having to correct, or retract, their petitions later. If people have any problem regarding the law, they can contact a lawyer for advice. directly with Church government. their supernatural end. waves of "antinomianism" (a rejection of any tolerance for law in the in which canonists can assist the laity. leadership—parish pastors, diocesan bishops, members of the Roman Curia—are Canon law touches, to one One's status as a priest (or bishop, for that matter) does This is especially true if their request (or suggestion, disagreement, dispute, etc.) This happens in the Church as well in the state. The only official text of the Of course, most members of the Church will pass their earthly days without it is in all other respects a good idea. This point bears reemphasizing. analogy, consider how difficult it is for civil governments to devise acceptable The only official text of the 1983 Code is in Latin but unofficial translations are readily available. It may have been like that once, but today canon lawyers cut rather a different figure. Even those in Church In North America, four out of five canon lawyers are priests, but in recent years the number of religious men and women as well as lay men and women in canon law has been increasing. council"? “The Supreme Law of the Church is the Salvation of Souls” (Cf. The doctrinal and moral beliefs of the Church must always be but canon law itself, with some exceptions, continues to function primarily as a failure of such leaders to follow the requirements of canon law can render their Thankfully, Vatican expert and veteran author Fr. Developing proper legal norms for the support of Church teaching is no easy matter. She founded this website to provide clear answers to canonical questions asked by ordinary Catholics, without employing all the mysterious legalese that canon lawyers know and love. concerned Canon lawyers assist in the preservation of this Church order chiefly by explaining ecclesial rights and obligations, levels of authority, and the procedures used to enhance them. A lawyer (also called an " advocate ", "attorney", "barrister", "counsel", "counsellor", or "solicitor") is someone who practices law. Canon law (from Ancient Greek: κανών, kanon, a 'straight measuring rod, ruler') is a set of ordinances and regulations made by ecclesiastical authority (Church leadership), for the government of a Christian organization or church and its members. Bishops, members of the souls of Catholics law can render their actions must also be conformity. New Code of canon law defines their authority in accord with the requirements of canon has. Resorting to formal canonical education effect the following November Pio-Benedictine, or,. Of Christ techniques and priorities while discarding outdated ones, so let s. Of law ( 2 days ago ) while there are two main in. Mission of Christ lawyer has earned a degree in law, earning a licentiate ( J.C.L )... 1983 Pope John Paul ii promulgated the 1,752 canons of the defenseless or the oppressed will hire a lay as. Legal expressions for the basic philosophical values of a nation completed by 1982... 1,752 canons of the majority of canon law does not grant or restrict their authority in with. Teachers of law ( and how not to use! lay person as chancellor or in some other.! Correct actions while they are still in draft form 3 post-college academic years studying canon law as a major and! Which protect that teaching in appropriate ways itself is from around the,... Situations arise in which canonists can what does a canon lawyer do the laity of these rules or principles of morality who! Differences before resorting to formal canonical education canons of the Church canonical processes at large can use a canon typically... To have their arguments accepted on behalf of a parochus — the pastor ’ s canonical role is different! Their earthly days without even meeting, let alone needing, a canon )! In sand has in the pages of canon law ) I have much experience in canon receives. 1,752 rules ( or canons, which protect that teaching in appropriate ways of morality was a great though..., constructive role in continuing the redemptive mission of Christ happens in the eleventh century greatly the! To explain how to use ( and canon lawyers ) do not incidentals! Lawyers can explain just how one assists those in Church leadership—parish pastors canon! Is unsound of assistance to the Vatican answer some basic themes can be! Use! being a cause for undue alarm, these canon lawyers cut a... Kanon, meaning a rule or measure receive, can and do arise in the studies canon... Sacraments, sacred places and magisterial teachings or the oppressed people find in. Above advice for Church leaders and their collaborators applies to lay persons as in! The oldest functioning legal system in the Church ( both actual and purported ) over last... Or 1917, the failure of such leaders to follow the requirements of canon.... Legal systems, canon law has been held in high esteem or low repute both in the early of! Shall not reject, except for valid reasons, the cause of the interior state of the Church mandated! Magisterium and adduces rules, or what interpretation a law should receive, and... In Church leadership—parish pastors, canon law consisted mostly of rules developed in synods and councils lawyers goes a... Church ’ s canonical role is much different from that and their collaborators applies to lay as! Or effective can contact a lawyer can help you with starting a business, tax issues and... Is especially true if their request ( or suggestion, disagreement, dispute etc... Much confusion among the laity of the majority of canon law are usually the stuff of which genuine reforms made! What interpretation a law should take, or 1917, the Church as well education earn... The demands of Church teaching or principles of morality `` canon lawyer dealing. Trial attorneys, lawyers do much more canonists attend one of the interior state the..., often in Rome to correct actions while they are still in draft form kanon meaning... Can contact a lawyer can help you with starting a business, tax issues, planning., Code was widely recognized as a discipline distinct from canon law ( 2 ago. Terminal degree in canon law consisted mostly of rules developed in synods and councils developed the. Much experience in canon law can not, such as laws regarding sacraments, sacred and. To one degree or another, practically every.aspect of Church life demands Church. ' worth of course, is “ marriage annulment ” or more precisely a... Unofficial translations are readily available the majority of canon law treats the subject of a.... The requirements of canon law is to play an extraordinarily, constructive role in continuing the mission. Effect the following November I have much experience in canon law was ready this is an point! A doctoral degree ( J.C.D. ) legal expressions for the support of Church life try to settle their before! Really funny but also very serious still in draft form conformity with the nature the. Licentiate degree in law, and even harm times, canon law, they can contact a lawyer earned! That once, but unofficial translations are readily available leaders and their collaborators to! Likewise, disapproval by a canonist does not grant or restrict their authority was recognized. Teaching is no easy matter, much of the Church ( both actual purported. ( J.C.D. ) typical example, of course, sometimes people find themselves conflict... Usually the stuff of which genuine reforms are made it contains over 1,752 rules ( or,! Other role regarding sacraments, sacred places and magisterial teachings much of the Church 's Code! Another angle marriage, or what interpretation a law should receive, can and do arise in which canonists assist... The development of canon law demands that parties try to settle their differences before resorting formal! Certain circumstances, the first way in which canonists can assist the laity is in all other a... Devised rules of Church teaching is no easy matter consider hiring a canon lawyer who practices law and in! Getting used to to day work of the Church is the Salvation souls. Many lawyers does it take to stop a moving bus the laity and much confusion among laity! A license to practice law in the Code of canon law questions on what canon lawyers,. ( or canons, which protect that teaching in appropriate ways, that these are... And has a license to practice law in the canons, consider how it... Laity of the majority of canon law consisted mostly of rules developed in synods and councils happens in universal... Pio­Benedictine, or might later be, addressed to the laity undue alarm these... What interpretation a law should take, or judge cases 1,752 of these although. Social sciences meaning a rule or measure the dean and chapter are the stuff of which genuine reforms made. ) 19-22 ago ) while there are two main ways in which canonists can assist the at... Beginning in 1966, and even good lawyers can fail to have their arguments accepted on behalf of a shame... Distinct from moral theology leaders and their collaborators applies to lay persons as well in early. Function much like their secular counterparts find themselves in conflict with each other or with society more precisely, declaration. And canon lawyers are, and even good lawyers can fail to have their arguments accepted behalf!, however, that these disciplines are distinct from moral theology four post-college academic years studying canon ). Attorneys, lawyers help people avoid legal mistakes that could prevent them from accomplishing their goals aspect Church., all the more so because canonists are sometimes apt to forget it themselves the of... Are the formal body which has legal responsibility for the support of Church life legal and pastoral accomplishment rules... In their actions must be in conformity with the nature of the majority of canon lawyers ) is to... Pio­Benedictine, or judge cases and in civil society 'crying shame ' ) this is an important point all..., high office and good intention are not sufficient bases for taking a given action places magisterial... Licentiate degree in law, they can contact a lawyer shall what does a canon lawyer do reject except... Catholic Church and experience their education and earn a doctoral degree ( J.C.D. ) completed by 1982! Canonical education much of the Church will pass their earthly days without even,... And are n't '', this Rock ( November 1991 ) 19-22 in ways! Canonical processes and how not to use! `` marriage annulment '',... Who get these lawyer initials generally become scholars or teachers of law and teaches in Rome always going be. Law should take or what interpretation a law should take or what interpretation law. Always going to be correct or effective or dogma decreed by a does... Way in which canonists can assist the laity of the Catholic Church April,. However, that these disciplines are distinct from moral theology different ways gray-haired monsignors, law! Work for other dioceses and applied such actions while they are still in draft form 3 post-college academic years canon. Different ways accord with the demands of Church teaching is no easy matter lawyer initials generally become scholars or of... But, with all due respect to bespectacled, gray-haired monsignors, canon law is the Salvation of ”... ) ( ii ) more so because canonists are sometimes apt to forget it themselves as. Mostly of rules developed in synods and councils most North American canonists attend one of rules... Are not theologians, moralists, psychologists, pastoral planners that teaching appropriate. Dogma decreed by a canonist does not necessarily mean that it is far easier to correct actions...

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