scutellaria incana native range

This partial shade to full sun perennial attains a height from 24-36” tall with darkly-colored stems, 2-4” long oppositely-arranged leaves and many striking, rich deep-blue flowers in mid to late July. Illinois lies along the northern range limit of this species. Scutellaria incana features strong, upright growth with eye-catching, deep-blue flowers, making it an excellent choice for the sunny garden. Scutellaria Species: incana Family: Lamiaceae Life Cycle: Perennial Country Or Region Of Origin: North Central & Eastern U.S.A Dimensions: Height: 1 ft. 0 in. Scutellaria incana – Downy skullcap Fam. Small, two-lipped, purplish blue flowers (typical mint family) appear in branching, loose racemes in summer. Incana means "hoary" or "grey." Habitats include upland forests, rocky slopes Also called Downy Skullcap, Hoary Skullcap provides weeks of blooms in mid-late summer. direct sun) Water Needs: Moist, Average Height: 2-5' Flower: Blue, Violet, May, Jun, Jul Fruit: Flat topped horseshoe shaped capsule that turns from green to brown as it ripens on the stem. Scutellaria incana, commonly called skullcap, is a Missouri native wildflower that occurs in open woods, clearings, on slopes and along streams in the northcentral and Ozark regions of the State. The unusual common name can be explained by the resemblance of part of each blossom to a close-fitting cap. Scutellaria incana . Chinese herbalists, in particular, made extensive use of it in traditional healing methods. [4] The common name alludes to the resemblance of the same structure to "miniature medieval helmets". The stems are "hoary" because of their tiny white hairs. On NameThatPlant.net, plants are shown in different seasons (not just in flower), and you can hear Latin … [19], Scutellaria also contains rosmarinic acid which inhibits GABA transaminase which breaks GABA down, thus making it available longer. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. Scutellaria incana, commonly called skullcap, is a Missouri native wildflower that occurs in open woods, clearings, on slopes and along streams in the northcentral and Ozark regions of the State. It has been in use for over 2000 years as a remedy for such conditions as hepatitis, diarrhea, and inflammation. Scutellaria incana One of the latest-blooming Skullcaps with hooded blue flowers that bloom for most of the last half of the summer, providing a nice foil for the ubiquitous yellow of the season. direct sun), Part Shade (2-5 hrs. In traditional Chinese medicine they are utilized to "clear away the heat-evil and expel superficial evils". Hoary skullcap can grow in conditions ranging from sun to heavy shade and is at home in clay soils. [9], In North America, Scutellaria lateriflora was used in Native American medicine to treat gynaecological conditions. Scutellaria incana (Downy Skullcap) is a bushy rhizomatous perennial boasting open racemes of small, two-lipped, lavender-blue flowers from mid to late summer. Pollinators find it attractive but four-legged creatures do not due to its bitter-tasting foliage. This native Eastern wildflower produces soft blue-violet, hooded flowers in 6' racemes above a bushy mound of green, toothed foliage for several weeks in summer. It is mostly pollinated by bumblebees, however. [17][18][19] A variety of flavonoids in Scutellaria species have been found to bind to the benzodiazepine site and/or a non-benzodiazepine site of the GABAA receptor, including baicalin, baicalein, wogonin, apigenin, oroxylin A, scutellarein, and skullcapflavone II. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. While the native species roams the meadows, open woodlands and shady stream banks and roadsides of the eastern U. Native Environment: Savanna / Woodland. Scutellaria incana. Habitat:The native Downy Skullcap occurs occasionally in the southern half of Illinois, while in the rest of the state it is largely absent (see Distribution Map). - 3 ft. 0 in. The Plants Database includes the following 3 subspecies of Scutellaria incana .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. This native Eastern wildflower produces soft blue-violet, hooded flowers in 6" racemes above a bushy mound of green, toothed foliage for several weeks in summer. This partial shade to full sun perennial attains a height from 24-36” tall with darkly-colored stems, 2-4” long oppositely-arranged leaves and many striking, rich deep-blue flowers in mid to late July. Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Native Plant Wildflower; Cultural Conditions: Light: Full … Skullcaps are common herbal remedies in systems of traditional medicine. [11] It is widely available as a commercial product used in western herbalism to treat anxiety and muscle tension. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Plant Type: Herbaceous Perennials. Bloom period ranges from June to September, depending on your garden’s location. Scutellaria incana, commonly called skullcap, is a Missouri native wildflower that occurs in open woods, clearings, on slopes and along streams in the northcentral and Ozark regions of the State.In midsummer its strong square stems branch to produce an abundance of deep blue flowers 1 inch long, similar in appearance to snap dragons. All rights reserved. [13], The main compounds responsible for the biological activity of skullcap are flavonoids. Scutellaria is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae.They are known commonly as skullcaps. punctata, Hoary Skullcap, Downy Skullcap. Scutellaria is a genus of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae. American skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora) is a perennial herb native to North America. recognizes our 2020 sponsors (as of February 10, 2020) and thanks them for their generous support. They are borne on erect pubescent square stems clothed in toothed ovate gray-green leaves. Common Name: Hoary Skullcap Habit: Perennial Herb Light: Shade (< 2 hrs. Scutellaria incana Skullcap. It doesn't mind the heat and thrives even in poor soil. Season of Interest: Mid (May - June), Late (July - frost) ... Grow Native! Britton, N.L., and A. Hoary Skullcap spreads by seeds and by its rhizomatous root system. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. - 16 ft. 0 in. [28][29][30] As such, these compounds and actions, save oroxylin A, are likely to underlie the anxiolytic effects of Scutellaria species. Govaerts, R. (2003). An interesting and attractive wildflower. Entire -leaved skullcap reaches the northern limit of its range in Connecticut and Massachusetts, where it is found on the coastal plain and the southern Connecticut River Valley. The genus is most easily recognized by the typical shield on the calyx that has also prompted its common name. Scutellaria incana is a drought tolerant native plant and a good choice for xeric gardens. Scutellaria incana features strong, upright growth with eye-catching, deep-blue flowers, making it an excellent choice for the sunny garden. Covered with minute white hairs ( July - frost )... grow!... 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