dutch emigration to south africa

Dutch settlement in South Africa began in March 1647, the Dutch ship Nieuwe Haarlem, wrecked at the Cape. Dutch immigrants to Suriname; Questions? Family Search. By the end of the eighteenth century, this figure had risen to over 3,000, which accounted for about 10% of the overall population of some 30,000 in the Cape Colony. Any South African citizen who wants to immigrate to the Netherlands needs to consider the main requirements that come with the visa application to enter the country. The General Consulate in Cape Town and the Embassy in Pretoria are the offices where the individuals from South Africa can apply for … Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie - 1602-1799. Apart from the Dutch, there were significant minorities of French Huguenots, Germans, Khoi natives (Hottentots) and Malay slaves. Flemish (Dutch-speaking) Walloons (French-speaking). The Dutch Exodus To The United States The principal reference volumes for prominent South The •The first recorded Irish person in South Africa was Brigadier-General Thomas Conway (1733-C.1800), who arrived in the Cape in 1781 with his Pondicherry regiment in the service of Louis XVI of France. Jan van Riebeeck was aboard one of these ships. South Africa, Immigration Index, 1858-1986. While I'm waiting for a response back for my Visa application, I may as well continue on my trip down memory lane. South Africa. can be found, make queries and ask for help through the discussion facility. This resulted in the Great Trek, when thousands of people of Dutch heritage moved into the interior of Africa and formed the Boer Republics such as … Boer guerrillas during the Second Boer War. What is today South Africa evolved from settlements established by the Dutch and English. South Africa remained poor, restless and unattractive to the potential emigrant. The augmented file was published in 1983 as Dutch Emigrants to the United States, South Africa, South America, and Southeast Asia, 1835-1880: An Alphabetical Listing by Household Heads and Independent Persons. Dutch settlement in South Africa began in March 1647, the Dutch ship Nieuwe Haarlem, wrecked at the Cape. At root it emerged from Dutch, but differs from it in important respects. In 1695 there were still only 340 free-burghers. During the twenty years of his government he promoted the immigration of new families from The Netherlands, built a new hospital and developed the colony. Answer: Historical developments of the late eighteenth century and early nineteenth century shaped the Dutch emigration to the interior of South Africa. In 1660, a Dutch ship arrived carrying 150 slaves from Angola. They stayed for nearly one year and were rescued by a fleet of 12 ships under the command of W.G. All further immigration ceased and contacts with the homeland withered. The defeat of the Boers led to the incorporation of the Republics into the Union of South Africa. Maps Jan van Riebeeck arrives in Table Bay in April 1652, painting by Charles Bell. It is well known that many South Africans can trace their roots back to the Low Countries and that the Afrikaans language is closely related to Dutch, but how is it that a land so far away and different in so many ways has such close links to the Low Countries? The Cape colony of dutch settlers faced problems by the end of Napoleonic war and in 1814 the colony of Cape was ceded to Britisher by the Dutch government. The shipwreck victims built a small fort named "Sand Fort of the Cape of Good Hope". In 1691, the population was 1000 Europeans and 400 Slaves. Afrikaans is also spoken in neighbouring Namibia, which was mandated to South Africa after the First World War. Join Geni to explore your genealogy and family history in the World's Largest Family Tree. Jan van Riebeeck was aboard one of these ships. The first European child was born at the Cape on 3 June 1652. This resulted in the Great Trek, when thousands of people of Dutch heritage moved into the interior of Africa and formed the Boer Republics such as Transvaal and Orange Free State. From this point onwards the white population increased naturally to about 1300 by 1700. Register or sign in to read or purchase an article. By order of that company in 1652, Jan van Riebeeck arrived with a few other Dutch settlers at the Cape of Good Hope to establish this half-way station so that fresh vegetables and fruits could be provided to prevent scurvy among the Company’s sailors. The shipwreck victims built a small fort named "Sand Fort of the Cape of Good Hope". A variety of Dutch different from that spoken in the Low Countries was, according to linguists, already emerging in the late seventeenth century. South Africa. de Jong. The free-burghers were in mostly tavern-keepers or craftsmen and shopkeepers. Settling in South Africa . In 1652, Dutch emigrants first settled in South Africa near the Cape of Good Hope to establish a station where ships traveling to the Dutch East Indies (currently Indonesia) could rest and resupply. The Archives of the Colonial Office records held in the Cape Town Archives are a rich source is tracing your ancestors first steps into the Country. Hundreds of Germans emigrated to the Cape Colony during the Dutch rule between (1652-1806) and in the succeeding centuries. 1843 1. They did. The shipwreck victims built a small fort named “Sand Fort of the Cape of Good Hope”. The Dutch arrived in 1652 under the Dutch East India Company. South Africans' Geni Landing Site. The settlers from the Low Countries did not only bring their language with them. South African male Progenitors / Stamvaders. In this article, I have not discussed the more problematic consequences of the settlement of Dutch and other Europeans in South Africa. The first Dutch immigrants to South America went to the Brazilian state of Espirito Santo between 1858 and 1862, where they founded the settlement of Holanda. 1.1 Number of Documented Immigrants in South Africa, by Continent of Origin, 1984–2004 40 1.2 Number of Permanent Immigration Permits Granted in and Declared Emigrants from South Africa, 1941–2009 41 C.1 Annual Entries into South Africa Approved, 1984–2009 157 C.2 Annual Work and Study Permits Issued by South Africa, 1984–2007 157. South Africa is losing skills. If you do not know how to do this please contact one of the other collaborators to assist you. The South Africa Act took effect the following year and in May 1910 Louis Botha became the first Prime Minister of the new dominion, the Union of South Africa. 346p. Up to 1806, when the Cape Colony passed into British possession, the Dutch were the biggest factor in the population and political equations and Dutch was the undisputed lingua franca of the colony. 1840 1. When thinking about Scandinavian emigration throughout history, the mind immediately jumps to the emigration the United States, and states like Minnesota and Illinois, so it’s easy to forget that emigrants also traveled elsewhere in the world, but guess what? We hold a variety of ship records, mostly in Wellington. They deserve a much more detailed study than is possible here. If you have any queries related to Dutch settlers please start a discussion linked to this project. Where ever possible, identical pages have been made available in English and German. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1983. Finally they were rescued by a fleet of 12 ships under the command of W.G. German South Africa Resources German genealogy in South Africa 1820 British Settlers 1820 South Africa British Settlers' Genealogy and other information. In the Netherlands, there was much anti-British sentiment as a result of what the Dutch perceived to be an attack on their Boer brothers and sisters. World events. In 1908, in return for £3.8 million, Leopold handed over control of the Congo to the Belgian state, making it a Belgian colony rather than a personal possession of the king. Dutch and Afrikaans place names are still found across South Africa, from Kaapstad (Cape Town) and Stellenbosch in the Cape to Johannesburg and Bloemfontein in the interior. This would later become the provinces of Cape Province, Natal, Orange Free State and Transvaal. In the 17th century, the southernmost point of Africa where the Atlantic and Indian oceans meet became a desirable half-way haven for the Dutch East India Company which was trading with India. Dutch colonists established Cape Town in 1652 and their descendants, mixed with the French Huguenot emigrants, are known today as the Afrikaners. This page is dedicated to various issues relating to German South Africans, including genealogy, local history and church matters. But what traces have they and their ancestors left in the modern South Africa? Speaking of the Mediterranean, this brings us to Cyprus – a cheerful little island… Although not Dutch settlers from Belgium are included in this project - see below. In May 1662, there were 39 free farmers, 15 of them married. In Nottinghamshire I discovered records on the organized emigration of the 1820 British Settlers of South Africa. 1670 In 1814, the Dutch government ceded the Cape Colony to the British and significant British migration to southern Africa followed. Most of the vocabulary can be traced back to varieties of Dutch, but it also includes words from other European languages and indeed indigenous southern African languages. In order to do this use the drop down menu at the top left of the screen and. Several hundred moved to the Cape Colony, where they were welcomed by their co-religionists, the Dutch Calvinists. This is easily done from the profile page using the. They were given land to farm, although in due course they took over the land of local tribes such as the Khoikhoi. Douwe is the legal ancestor of many of the Steyns in South Africa. In addition, South Africans easily adapt and fit into to the Dutch culture due to the strong historic and cultural ties between the Netherlands and South Africa. Excellent healthcare services The Netherlands is regarded as having one of the best healthcare services in the world with world-class facilities and highly qualified professionals. The small initial group of free burghers steadily increased in number and began to expand their farms further north and east into the territory of the Khoikhoi who were driven from their traditional lands. In 1679, the colony had 289 Europeans of whom 142 were free-burghers and 191 slaves. Within a few decades a permanent Dutch settlement or colony had become established by the Cape, populated by former VOC employees. During this affluent period in Dutch history, the first Dutch immigrants set up trading posts in New Netherlands (today better known as the United States), South Africa, the Dutch East Indies (contemporary Indonesia) and Suriname in South America. In 1795, the British took over the Cape. This included the New NetherlandColony which claimed the shore from Cape Cod to Virginia in North America. Pieter Jansz was married to Cornelia Theunisz, ca. Once it became known that slavery was alive and well in the Congo, an international anti-slavery conference was held in Brussels in 1889-1890. The Apartheid policy, in effect from 1948 to 1991, prevented Indian children from publicly interacting with people of English heritage. Most emigrants left during the following periods: 1614 to 1820. Thousands of Flemish along with the Dutch, migrated to the Republic of South Africa for many years between the 17th century and the 20th century. Christopher Joby. French Protestants, German mercenaries, and other Europeans joined the Dutch in South Africa. [Who was this]. This all begins with my culture shock when moving to the Netherlands. All passenger lists held by us in Wellington have been digitised and are available through the FamilySearch website under ‘New Zealand Immigration Passenger Lists’. Africa was no exception. 1842 1. Emigrants from Holland were then encouraged to settle and colonize, bu… This number included soldiers drafted in to protect the colony, particularly from attacks by other European nations, incomers who farmed the land, and skilled artisans such as carpenters for ships and for the houses of the growing colony. The majority of Dutch settlement in South America was limited to Suriname, although sizable Dutch-descendant communities exist in urban areas and coastal port towns of Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Guyana. You can stop this at any time by contacting philippe.vanwalleghem@onserfdeel.be. Enslaving the KoiKhoi was forbidden by the VOC, and so in order to meet the labour demands of the settlers from 1658 slaves were imported to the Cape in large numbers from Indonesia, India, Madagascar and Mozambique. Precise figures are hard to come by, but it is reckoned that by the early eighteenth century there were over 600 VOC employees living in the Cape. Linguists refer to it as a ‘creoloid’, i.e. Today, it is reckoned that Afrikaans is the home language of some six to seven million South Africans. Immigration records in South Africa are not as difficult to find as one would think. In 1685, the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes meant that many Protestants had to leave France. This index can give you details on the deceased and who he or she left behind. Project Help: How to add Text to a Project - Starter Kit to get you going! Immigration to RSA has slowed down drastically, but the remnants of a huge Flemish population still exist in Southern Africa. His adopted son Jacobus is the definite biological ancestor. The eGSSA branch of the Genealogical Society of South Africa has embarked on a project to transcribe all the passenger lists in the South African Archives that the archivists can find for us and some wonderful information has been found at the Pietermaritzburg Archives Repository and at the Roeland Street Archives, Cape Town. A few years later, in 1652, persuaded by some of those who had been wrecked in 1647 the Dutch East India Company's (VOC) established a supplies station at the Cape of Good Hope under the command of Jan van Riebeeck. When you subscribe, you give permission for an automatic re-subscription. de Jong. Please only add the profiles of the Stamvaders/Progenitors who came from The Netherlands/Holland. Featured Dutch Emigration Page. Helena Jansen born 1674 in Leiden, Netherlands While many of these are descendants of the settlers from the Low Countries, the majority of Afrikaans speakers are non-white. Huguenot Walloon Immigration to South Africa by Lesley Robertson. Leave a message on this talk page. The Dutch were also one of the few Europeans to successfully settle Africa prior to the late 19th century. However, what I have tried to do is to illustrate that Dutch emigrants spread their wings to another part of the world and that although their descendants are but one of several ethnic groups in today’s South Africa, their cultural heritage still plays an important role in the life of this ‘rainbow nation’. For the answer to this question we have to go back to the seventeenth century, when hundreds of ships under the flag of the Dutch East India Company sailed from ports in the Dutch United Provinces to East Asia, above all to profit from the spice trade. While some employees had set out to travel to the Cape, others had intended to travel to East Asia, to VOC trading posts such as Batavia, but they had been too sick to continue their journey from the Cape and settled there instead. Concerns? In fact, my own family tree includes relatives in Africa (a branch of the Trägårdh family from Copenhagen, Denmark). Family History Research in South Africa South Africa genealogy links. Afrikaans is still spoken by some 60% of the white population in Namibia. You are visiting this website through a public account.This allows you to read all articles, but not buy any products. Today South Africa is an ethnically and culturally diverse country, where the descendants of the Dutch settlers form only a minority. The Scandinavian countrie… 1. Welcome to Geni, home of the world's largest family tree. They arrived in the bay of today's Cape Town, on 6 April 1652, on board five ships, the Reijer, the Oliphant, the Goede Hoop, the Walvisch end the Dromedaris.. In order to provide a safe haven on this long journey and a place where ships could take on fresh water and food, in 1652 an expedition led by Jan van Riebeeck set out to establish a harbour of refuge at the Cape of Good Hope on the southern tip of the African continent. As the name suggests, the Dutch Reformed Church (Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk) in South Africa owes its origins and predominantly Calvinist theology to the Reformed Church in the Netherlands. Cape Dutch architecture is a distinctive style marked by its whitewashed walls and rounded gables. As the VOC was a multinational organization, it was not only Dutch but also other Europeans such as Germans and Scandinavians who settled there. 1. Significant numbers of Dutch emigrants can be found on every continent and in many countries around the world. This colony of 500 mainly Reformed folk from West Zeeuws-Vlaanderen in the province of Zeeland was a flash in a pan. Early Belgian presence in Africa was mostly in the Congo, which was run as a personal fiefdom of Leopold, King of Belgium. The VOC was declared bankrupt in 1799. One of the aims of the settlement was to increase revenue for the VOC who controlled trade with the free burgers, the Khoikhoi and passing ships. Emigration is not only effecting the current skill pool in the country, but … If you have links to related web pages that would be of interest to others please add them in the relevant section at the bottom of the page. This colony last… This time an external website: Popular destinations per religion; This article, made by Yvette Hoitink, fits exactly in the content of this portal ... South Africa. Some Boers migrated to other parts of the world, such as Patagonia in Argentina, where there is still an Afrikaans-speaking community. The assumption made in authoritative genealogical publications is that Do... Bron - Voortrekkerbegrafplaas Pietermaritzburg - Louis Eksteen pagina 54-55 Meinoude Elia (ook Meinoutje Eliza de Vries Robbe *1800 †1/12/1873 Begrawe Voortrekkerbegrafplaas, Pietermaritzburg perseelno... Married to Cornelia Theunisz, ca. However, the ancestor of modern Afrikaans remained essentially a spoken language until the early twentieth century. Get the details on your immigrant ancestor’s arrival in South Africa with this immigration index. In the second half of the nineteenth century, the British sought to take over these Republics, a move which led to the Boer Wars. There are 687 Netherlands and Belgium volunteers listed in the Anglo-Boer War Museum database – Search these pages. The eGGSA Passenger List Project. South Africa, City and Area Directories, 1813-1962 In 1652 the Dutch East India Company's established a supplies station at the Cape of Good Hope under the command of Jan van Riebeeck.The party was made up of 90 settlers, most of them were Dutch & a number of people were from Germany. He didn't want to interfere in Religion. This has been described as ‘the only language of Germanic origin which is spoken exclusively outside Europe’ and the only still extant daughter language of Dutch, and it should not be forgotten that it has developed a rich literary tradition. de Jong. Hundreds of thousands of people left the Netherlands in several waves of migration. Visiting Professor at Adam Mickiewicz University and Associate Professor at Hankuk University of Foreign Studies. June 30 - Arrival of Jacob Niewold from 't Zandt with the Westphalia and settles in New Holland, Illinois 1. Please add related projects to the menu on the right. The object was not to develop a colony but to establish a port of call to service the Dutch ships travelling between the Netherlands and its trading posts in the east, supplying meat, vegetables fruit, wine and wheat. They stayed for nearly one year and were rescued by a fleet of 12 ships under the command of W.G. In the 1680s 50 more Dutch and German farmers and women from orphanages arrived and at the end of the decade 200 by Hugenots arrived. Douwe Gerbens, later known as Douwe Gerbrandt Steyn, Project Help: How to add Text to a Project - Starter Kit, http://motherearthtravel.com/history/south-africa/history-4.htm, http://www.colonialvoyage.com/eng/africa/south_africa/dutch.html, Dutch names' Pronounciation & Transliteration, A short History of Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg, Huguenot Walloon Immigration to South Africa, WELKOM CUZZINS: Geni SA Projects' Main Site Index & Help Page, South African Genealogical Reference Centre, Please add the profiles of Dutch Progenitors - (not their entire families and descendants!) The station was initially staffed with VOC officials, and supplemented by ‘free burgers’ who were demobilised soldiers and sailors who were instructed to grow produce. Welcome to this outpost of sunny South Africa ! Intermarriage meant that we can talk of a European rather than simply a Dutch colony, although the settlers typically spoke a variety of Dutch. A smallpox epidemic in 1713 killed about a quarter of the whites and estimates for 1717 put the population at 744 officials, about 2000 free burghers and over 2700 slaves (South African History Online 2006b). They also built their houses in styles influenced by those used in their homeland. A good example of this is in the field of sport, where rugby union and cricket are probably the most popular sports among Afrikaners in South Africa. They stayed for nearly one year at the Cape. I have already mentioned the Afrikaans language. RICHMOND, VA—The Dutch East India Company established a small settlement at what is now Cape Town in 1652. It only has one gender for nouns, whereas standard Dutch has two, and the verb forms are much simpler. Geni requires JavaScript! In thie same year a new governor was appointed; Mauritius born Simon van der Stel, who founded Stellenbosch, the second oldest town in South Africa, in the first year of his appointment. a variety of language that resembles a creole, but did not go through the stage of being a pidgin. Please feel free to add to the information here and to correct any information which you consider to be incorrect. Add any documents of interest using the menu at the top right of the page, and then add a link to the document in the text under the heading below. However, although the descendants of the settlers have kept many of their traditions alive, they have also borrowed from those around them. The Colony’s fortunes changed dramatically as a result of the Napoleonic Wars. They were introduced to both sports by British settlers, and although both rugby union and cricket are played in the Low Countries, they are much less popular there than other team sports such as association football and hockey. The Dutch settlement history in South Africa began in March 1647 with the shipwreck of the Dutch ship Nieuwe Haarlem. Low economic situation in the Netherl… and also those of prominent, famous Dutch. In 1814, the Dutch government ceded the Cape Colony to the British and significant British migration to southern Africa followed. - you do need to first be a collaborator - so join the project. - Emigrants from Groningen 1842 2. Harmen Barentsz from Rotterdam on the De Schelde; sailor; a.1688; freed 1691. The documents were extensive and many applications included letters of correspondence between Britain and South Africa, including letters from the applicants once they were in South Africa. Academics have also identified a specific form of Cape Dutch furniture, typically made of exotic woods such as mahogany and attractive yet plain in appearance. It is also a place where you can share links to online resources, tell other users where records etc. By Dutch Emigrants to the United States, South Africa, South America, and Southeast Asia, 1835-1880: An Alphabetical Listing by Household Heads and Independent Persons. But did a relative of yours travel on that voyage of the Kenilworth Castle? South Africa, Estates Death Index, 1999-2014. Indian South African English (ISAE) is a sub-variety that developed among the descendants of Indian immigrants to South Africa. Oops, you forgot to fill in your email address, Boers and Creoloid: The Legacy of Dutch Migration to South Africa, Wizo Flandrensis and the Flemish Settlers in Wales, Bound For Sugar: Flemish Traders on Madeira. Conversely, immigrants who are in a position to contribute to the broadening of South Africa’s economic base will be welcomed. November 28 - William IIbecomes King of the Netherlands. The initial purpose of the settlement … Dutch immigrants to South Africa; Suriname. Coming from South Africa, there were quite a few things that I could not wrap my head around. History. Emigrants left the Netherlands and migrated to North America, South America, Africa, India, Indonesia, and the West Indies. Citizenship granted with investment. Please enable JavaScript in your browser's settings to use this part of Geni. The party was made up of 90 Calvinist settlers. Although the VOC made vast sums of money, sailing to East Asia was dangerous and difficult with as many as one in four ships not reaching their destination. This project is devoted to the Dutch Settlers in South Africa. WELKOM CUZZINS! In 1925, Afrikaans was legally recognized as an official language of South Africa. Add to the incorporation of the Napoleonic Wars found, make queries and ask for help through stage... Zeeland was a flash in a pan Professor at Adam Mickiewicz University and Associate Professor at Mickiewicz. Apart from the Netherlands/Holland built a small fort named `` Sand fort of the settlement Dutch. Database – Search these pages they stayed for nearly one year and were rescued by a of... Detailed study than is possible here 1691, the Dutch emigration to the emigrant... The details on your immigrant ancestor ’ s Arrival in South Africa evolved settlements! People of English heritage defeat of the 1820 British settlers of South Africa South,... Flash in a pan began in March 1647 with the Westphalia and settles in New Holland, Illinois 1 any... And settles in New Holland, Illinois 1 to Cornelia Theunisz, ca 150 slaves from.! French Protestants, German mercenaries, and other Europeans in South Africa began March... Church matters in fact, my own family tree trip down memory lane known today as the.! 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